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The Science of Psychology An Appreciative View 5th Edition by Laura King – Test Bank

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The Science of Psychology An Appreciative View 5th Edition by Laura King – Test Bank

Chapter 11

Test Bank

  1. ________ refers to the biological properties of a person that determine his or her classification as male or female.
  2. A. Sex
  3. Gender
  4. Sexual orientation
  5. Identity

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 354

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. In the context of sex and its biological components, which of the following statements is true of chromosomes?
  2. Human beings have 26 pairs of chromosomes, with one of each pair being provided by each parent.
  3. All the pairs of human chromosomes differ across the sexes, except for the 23rd pair.
  4. C. The 23rd pair of sex chromosomes is responsible for determining a human’s genetic sex.
  5. The sex chromosomes are similar in males but are different in females.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 354

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. In the context of sex and its biological components, which of the following statements is true of gonads?
  2. Male gonads are the ovaries.
  3. B. Gonads are glands that produce sex hormones.
  4. Female gonads are the testes.
  5. Gonads are responsible for absorbing and expelling nutrients.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 354

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. Gina is a 30-year-old woman. Her gonads were damaged during the course of a serious infection. As a result, Gina’s gonads may no longer produce
  2. androgens.
  3. B.
  4. sperm.
  5. melatonin.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 354

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. In the context of sex and its biological components, which of the following statements is true of hormones in human organisms?
  2. A. In men, some of the androgens produced by the testes are converted into estrogens.
  3. In men, androgens are solely produced by the adrenal glands.
  4. The hormones estrogen and progesterone are higher in men than in women.
  5. Hormones are unique to one sex.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 354

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. Identify a true statement about the internal reproductive structures and external genitalia in males and females.
  2. A. External genitalia of females include the mons pubis, the labia, and the clitoris.
  3. External genitalia of males are collectively called the vulva.
  4. Penis and scrotum form the internal reproductive structures in males.
  5. Breasts are an integral part of the internal reproductive structure in females.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 355

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. Which of the following is an example of a secondary sex characteristic?
  2. A. growth of facial hair in males
  3. development of gonads in females
  4. production of testosterone in females
  5. release of androgens in males

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 357

Topic: Biology of Sex

  1. Identify a true statement about gender.
  2. It refers to the biological characteristics that determine a person’s classification as male or female.
  3. B. It refers to the psychological experience of being male or female that is informed by social beliefs about the characteristics thought to indicate masculinity or femininity.
  4. It is defined as a person’s feeling of oneness with the emotional state of another person.
  5. It is the direction of a person’s erotic interests, and it includes a whole range of human experiences that interest psychologists, including behaviors, desires, and feelings.

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 355

Topic: Gender

  1. Who among the following is an example of an individual with an androgynous personality?
  2. Shenaz, who is submissive and emotionally weak
  3. Ira, who is high on instrumentality but low on expressiveness
  4. C. Zubair, who is extremely independent and caring
  5. John, who is high on expressiveness but low on instrumentality

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender Identity

  1. Saanvi is as good as her brother at math. However, her family thinks that she should study English or French in college, while her brother should study engineering. According to her family, math may get too tough for her. Saanvi’s family’s belief exemplifies
  2. hostile sexism.
  3. B. gender stereotyping.
  4. gender equity.
  5. internalized sexism.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. Eduardo is a 30-year-old man. He likes to take control of situations and is dominant by nature. Eduardo’s friends and family believe that he is very brave and is never one to back down from a challenge. In the context of gender identity, Eduardo’s personality is most likely high on
  2. expressiveness.
  3. B.
  4. homosexuality.
  5. asexuality.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender

  1. Debbie, a 22-year-old kindergarten teacher, has a gentle and caring disposition. She is sensitive to the needs of her students and patiently nurtures their learning abilities. In the context of gender identity, Debbie most likely has high ________ attributes.
  2. instrumental
  3. B. expressive
  4. androgynous
  5. undifferentiated

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender

  1. Ariel is a mild-mannered and sensitive teenager. She is warm and caring and often volunteers at old-age homes. Which of the following best describes Ariel’s gender-related attributes?
  2. Ariel scores high on instrumentality.
  3. B. Ariel scores high on expressiveness.
  4. Ariel is highly androgynous.
  5. Ariel is highly undifferentiated.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender

  1. Erica is seen as a strong and assertive woman by all those who know her. Her friends believe that she will never be in a romantic relationship because she likes to live by herself and has a strong desire for independence. However, her friends do not know that Erica loves children and has a very nurturing attitude toward her nieces and nephews. Which of the following terms best describes Erica’s gender-related attributes?
  2. instrumental
  3. expressive
  4. C. androgynous
  5. undifferentiated

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender

  1. Vincent is highly submissive and timid by nature. He also struggles to communicate and express his emotions with people around him. In the context of gender-related characteristics, he is best described as having a(n) ________ personality.
  2. gender-affirming
  3. instrumental
  4. androgynous
  5. D. undifferentiated

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender Identity

  1. Ten-year-old Rowan does not play softball because he thinks that it is a girls’ sport. Which of the following would have most likely helped Rowan make this evaluation?
  2. sexual scripts
  3. empathy
  4. C. gender schemas
  5. glass ceiling

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Who among the following is most likely to score high on expressiveness?
  2. A. Priya, who considers others’ feelings when making decisions
  3. Ram, who has an assertive character
  4. Claire, who has a dominant personality
  5. Peter, who likes to act based on his thoughts rather than that of others

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender

  1. In the context of sexual development of a fetus, the SRY gene is responsible for the development of
  2. A. male sexual features.
  3. female sexual features.
  4. undifferentiated characteristics.
  5. confused sexuality.

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 357

Topic: Gender

  1. A baby has abnormal genitalia at the time of birth. The baby’s genitals are unclear, and doctors are unable to accurately determine the gender of the baby. The bay most likely suffers from
  2. A. a disorder of sexual development.
  3. frotteuristic disorder.
  4. transvestic disorder.
  5. a disorder of sexual response.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 358

Topic: Disorders of Sexual Development

  1. A newborn baby has an enlarged clitoris without vaginal labia. The doctors speak to the baby’s parents and advise them to schedule the baby for sex assignment surgery as early as possible. The baby most likely suffers from
  2. gender identity disorder.
  3. a disorder of sexual response.
  4. C. a disorder of sexual development.
  5. sexual masochism disorder.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 358

Topic: Disorders of Sexual Development

  1. Adrian, an infant, was born with ambiguous genitals. After consulting a few doctors, his parents decided to schedule Adrian for sex assignment surgery. They decided to raise Adrian as a girl once his genitals were reconstructed. In the context of sex and gender, which of the following is most likely to be true in this scenario?
  2. Adrian suffers from a condition called gender dysphoria.
  3. Adrian’s parents have also undergone sex assignment surgery.
  4. Adrian’s parents believe that gender identity is entirely determined by biological factors.
  5. D. Adrian was born with disorders of sexual development (DSD).

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 358

Topic: Disorders of Sexual Development

  1. Identify a true statement about disorders of sexual development (DSD).
  2. A. They are congenital conditions, which means that they are present at birth.
  3. They are acquired, rather than congenital, conditions.
  4. They were formerly known as gender identity disorders.
  5. They are sexual disorders that feature recurrent sexually arousing fantasies.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 358

Topic: Disorders of Sexual Development

  1. Lana and Mark are having sex. Mark’s penis has become erect, and Lana’s vagina has become lubricated. They also experience muscle tension. Which of the following phases of the human sexual response pattern is exemplified in this scenario?
  2. the orgasm phase
  3. B. the excitement phase
  4. the refractory phase
  5. the resolution phase

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Summarize the four phases of the human sexual response.

Page: 379

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern

  1. The term ________ refers to experiencing one’s psychological gender as being different from one’s biological sex.
  2. gender bias
  3. heterosexuality
  4. hermaphroditism
  5. D. transgender

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 359

Topic: Transgender

  1. Joanna was born a girl. However, she never identifies herself as a female. She refers to herself as Joe and dresses like a boy. Joanna is angry or irritable if anyone treats her like a girl. She is unable to accept the fact that she is biologically a female. In the context of sex and gender, Joanna is most likely a(n)
  2. hermaphrodite.
  3. androgynous individual.
  4. male.
  5. D. transgender individual.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 359

Topic: Transgender

  1. Although born with complete female genitalia, Kristie always feels uncomfortable as a girl. She does not understand why she has the biological characteristics of a female when she feels like a male. She is conflicted and distressed. In the context of sex and gender, Kristie will most likely be diagnosed with
  2. disorders of sexual desire.
  3. disorders of sexual development (DSD).
  4. C. gender dysphoria.
  5. sadomasochism.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 359

Topic: Transgender

  1. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the term “gender dysphoria” refers to a person’s
  2. intersex conditions.
  3. disorder of sexual development.
  4. C. discomfort with his or her natal gender.
  5. positive feelings toward his or her cisgender identity.

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 359

Topic: Transgender

  1. Who among the following is most likely a cisgender person?
  2. Lila, a 23-year-old woman, who experiences gender dysphoria
  3. Samuel, a 32-year-old man, who identifies himself as female
  4. C. Riya, a 29-year-old woman, whose gender identity matches her biological sex
  5. Jake, a 35-year-old man, who experiences discomfort with his natal gender

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender Identity

  1. Maynard was born a boy. He strongly identifies himself with his biological sex and feels agitated whenever people mock him for having feminine qualities. Which of the following is true of Maynard?
  2. He most likely identifies himself as a transgender person.
  3. He most likely suffers from gender pedophilia.
  4. He most likely suffers from gender dysphoria.
  5. D. He most likely identifies himself as a cisgender person.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 356

Topic: Gender Identity

  1. Identify a true statement about transgender.
  2. Transgender describes a person whose gender identity fits with the sex he or she was assigned at birth.
  3. B. Transitioning as a transgender person usually involves gradual stages that move from reversible gender-affirming treatments to permanent ones.
  4. Unlike a non-binary person, a transgender person generally identifies as existing outside the typical “male vs. female” dichotomy.
  5. Generally, transgender individuals are less likely to experience gender dysphoria than cisgender individuals.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 359

Topic: Transgender

  1. Transgender individuals usually experience gender dysphoria because
  2. of their highly positive cisgender identity.
  3. B. they feel they are living in the wrong body.
  4. they experience a strong sense of discrimination based on their skin color.
  5. they struggle to align their religious orientation with their sexual orientation.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 359

Topic: Transgender

  1. Ramesh was born a boy, but he strongly identifies himself as a woman. Even though he has the genitals of a male, he receives hormone therapy to support his transgender identity and also, subsequently, undergoes a surgery to reconstruct his genitals. In this case, Ramesh underwent a
  2. A. gender-affirming surgery.
  3. gender assignment surgery.
  4. gene surgery.
  5. cisgender surgery.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 360

Topic: Transgender

  1. Which of the following is a true statement about premature ejaculation?
  2. A. It involves psychological, physical, and relationship factors.
  3. It is cured by drugs such as azithromycin or doxycycline.
  4. It occurs when the motivation for sexual activity is restrained.
  5. It occurs because of restricted flow of blood through a man’s penis.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Describe the most commonly experienced sexual problems and the treatment approaches available.

Page: 384

Topic: Sexual Disorders

  1. Derek and Emma are having sex. Derek has had orgasm and is unable to have another one just yet. However, Emma has not had orgasm yet. Her heart rate and blood pressure are rising slowly. In addition, the muscles in her vagina are tightening. According to the human sexual response pattern, Derek is in the ________, while Emma is in the ________.
  2. refractory period; resolution phase
  3. B. refractory period; plateau phase
  4. plateau phase; excitement phase
  5. plateau phase; resolution phase

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Summarize the four phases of the human sexual response.

Page: 379

Topic: Sexual Response Pattern

  1. Dr. Ruth believes that females and males differ from each other because of the differences in their brain structures and functioning. Dr. Ruth is most likely a proponent of the
  2. social role theory of gender development.
  3. B. biological approach to gender development.
  4. evolutionary psychology theory of gender development.
  5. social cognitive approach to gender development.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 360

Topic: Biological Approach

  1. Dr. Hendricks, a psychologist, believes that the differences between the genders can be attributed to the varying levels of estrogen and testosterone in males and females. In the context of the theoretical approaches to gender development, Dr. Hendricks is most likely a proponent of the ________ approach.
  2. A. biological
  3. evolutionary psychology
  4. social cognitive
  5. psychodynamic

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 360

Topic: Biological Approach

  1. Harry, a four-month-old male infant, tends to show more interest in toy cars than in dolls. Since Harry has not yet had social experiences that might influence gender development, Harry’s behavior conforms best to the
  2. A. biological approach to gender development.
  3. psychodynamic approach to gender development.
  4. cognitive approach to gender development.
  5. social role theory of gender development.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 361

Topic: Biological Approach

  1. Which of the following statements is true according to the evolutionary psychology approach to gender development?
  2. A. Organisms with the fittest genes are most likely to survive and reproduce.
  3. The differences between contemporary men and women can be explained by the environmental challenges they face.
  4. Competition ruins the chance for species to evolve naturally.
  5. Choice has no role to play in the evolution of the human species.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 361

Topic: Evolutionary Approach

  1. Vincent believes that gender roles are determined by how an organism changes and adapts itself to the environment. He maintains that an organism’s role in sexual selection and its reaction to selection pressures determine the gender differences among organisms. In this case, Vincent is a proponent of the ________ approach to gender.
  2. A. evolutionary psychology
  3. cognitive psychology
  4. social psychology
  5. humanistic psychology

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 361

Topic: Evolutionary Approach

  1. Male zebra finches have brightly colored feathers and begin to sing at puberty. The females are duller in appearance and lack singing ability. The males use musical mating calls to compete with each other for female attention. Since the females are primarily responsible for reproduction, they have to choose the most suitable males to mate with. This type of selection best illustrates the
  2. biological approach to gender development.
  3. social cognitive approach to gender development.
  4. social role theory of gender development.
  5. D. evolutionary psychology approach to gender development.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 361

Topic: Evolutionary Approach

  1. ________ means that the male and female members of a species differ from each other because of differences in competition and choice.
  2. A. Sexual selection
  3. Sexual stratification
  4. Sexual orientation
  5. Sexual differentiation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 361

Topic: Evolutionary Approach

  1. Johnson, an adolescent boy, is a senior in high school. Most of his friends like to watch the girls in the school’s cheerleading team, but Johnson does not have any interest in girls. He likes to watch the school’s boys’ soccer team play as he is sexually attracted to the team captain. Johnson is most likely
  2. bisexual.
  3. B.
  4. heterosexual.
  5. transsexual.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Summarize the theories of sexual orientation.

Page: 372

Topic: Sexual Orientation

  1. In the context of the theoretical approaches to gender development, which of the following is an evolutionary psychologist most likely to agree with?
  2. Men tend to be more selective in choosing sexual partners than women, putting a premium on high quality.
  3. Women are generally fertile from puberty onward and focus on quantity, reproducing as often as possible.
  4. Women have the universal right to choose whom they mate with, in all species.
  5. D. Men, across cultures, are likely to prefer women who are younger than they are.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 362

Topic: Evolutionary Approach

  1. Olivia is a fashion designer. During her childhood, she was scolded for playing with trucks and cars and was asked to play with dolls. When she played with dolls, her parents seemed to be happy. She grew up thinking that sports are for men and fashion is for women. Which of the following theories of gender development is most likely exemplified in this scenario?
  2. the biological theories of gender development
  3. B. the social cognitive theories of gender development
  4. the psychoanalytic theories of gender development
  5. the evolutionary psychology theories of gender development

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Which of the following scenarios exemplifies gender-nonconforming behavior?
  2. Harry, a three-year-old boy, plays with a set of building blocks.
  3. B. John, a six-year-old boy, braids the hair of his sister’s doll.
  4. Ashley pretends to bake a cake for her little brother.
  5. Ava pretends to sew dresses for all of her dolls.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Nairi is a six-year-old girl. Which of the following best exemplifies her gender-conforming behavior?
  2. Nairi plays with a train set.
  3. B. Nairi plays with her barbie dolls.
  4. Nairi plays soccer in her backyard.
  5. Nairi plays with toy cars and trucks.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Jimmy, a six-year-old, watches his parents fight. He observes his father shouting while his mother sits quietly, crying. Which theory of gender development is most likely to predict that Jimmy will imitate his father in his interactions with women?
  2. the psychodynamic approach
  3. the evolutionary psychology approach
  4. C. the social cognitive approach
  5. the biological approach

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Aaron, a five-year-old, watches his father shave every morning. He realizes that only men grow beards and have to shave. Aaron sometimes examines his own face in the mirror and pretends to shave. Aaron’s learning of this gender-related behavior can best be explained by the ________ approach to gender development.
  2. evolutionary psychology
  3. B. social cognitive
  4. psychodynamic
  5. biological

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 364

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Curt, a five-year-old boy, is intrigued by his mother’s cosmetic collection. One day, he tries on his mother’s lipstick. When Curt’s parents find him with the makeup box, they scold him for behaving like a girl. Curt realizes that it is shameful to play with makeup. Curt’s understanding of how children of his gender are supposed to behave can be best explained by the ________ approach to gender development.
  2. evolutionary psychology
  3. B. social cognitive
  4. psychodynamic
  5. biological

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 362-363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Hubert likes to watch his mother paint her toenails. One day, Hubert paints his own toenails and goes to school. His friends, however, make fun of him. Humiliated, Hubert realizes that he must not adopt behaviors related to the opposite sex. As he grows older, he starts to scoff at other males who demonstrate any kind of feminine behavior. In this scenario, Hubert’s development of gender-related attitudes can best be explained by the ________ approach to gender development.
  2. biological
  3. psychodynamic
  4. C. social cognitive
  5. evolutionary psychology

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 362-363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. A mental framework for understanding what is considered appropriate behavior for males and females in their culture is called a
  2. gender stereotype.
  3. motif.
  4. C. gender schema.
  5. theme.

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363

Topic: Social Cognitive Approach

  1. Karen decides to become a teacher because she believes that teaching is the perfect career for a woman. The job requires no strenuous physical activity and requires a great deal of patience and understanding—attributes that are typically feminine according to Karen. The views that Karen has about the jobs that are suited to women can best be explained by the
  2. evolutionary psychology approach to gender development.
  3. biological approach to gender development.
  4. C. social role theory of gender development.
  5. attribution theory of gender development.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363-364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. Identify a true statement about the social role theory of gender development.
  2. A. It recognizes the institutional structures and patterns of opportunity that perpetuate gender differences.
  3. It excludes the aspects of analyzing physical differences between sexes.
  4. It disregards the fact that women are more innately involved in reproduction than are men.
  5. It primarily focuses on the various biological and cognitive processes that underlie the differences between men and women.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. What do traditional gender roles and stereotypes convey according to the social role theory of gender development?
  2. Men should be caring.
  3. B. Men should be dominant.
  4. Women should be rational.
  5. Women should be strong.

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. According to the social role theory of gender development, which of the following most likely shapes one’s beliefs about one’s gender?
  2. A. division of labor between sexes
  3. sexual selection
  4. genetic characteristics of an individual
  5. learning processes and cognitive schemas

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363-364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. Divya wants to be a professional soccer player, but she believes that men are usually stronger and physically adept at playing soccer. She believes that only men can excel at soccer and women should generally not pursue such sports. Divya’s beliefs are best explained by the
  2. sexual selection approach to gender development.
  3. genetic approach to gender development.
  4. C. social role theory of gender development.
  5. attribution theory of gender development.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363-364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. Who among the following is most likely to be a strong advocate of the social role theory of gender development?
  2. Samantha, who believes that genetic information is solely responsible for determining the gender roles and expectations of people in a society
  3. B. Harish, who believes that history dictates the type of tasks and activities men and women are usually allowed to perform
  4. Gloria, who believes that sexual selection is the best approach to explain gender and sex differences
  5. Robert, who believes that brain structures and their functions determine the roles and responsibilities of men and women

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 363-364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. ________ reflect expectations for how males and females should think, act, and feel.
  2. A. Gender roles
  3. Sexual predispositions
  4. Gender identities
  5. Sexual scripts

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Low

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 364

Topic: Social Role Theory

  1. Caroline tells her friends that she helps take care of her little brother because that is what girls are supposed to do. Caroline’s statement best describes her understanding of her
  2. sexual script.
  3. B. gender role.
  4. gender identity.
  5. sexual orientation.

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: High

Learning Objective: Explain the impact of biological factors and social environment on gender formation.

Page: 364

Topic: Social Role Theory

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