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Test Bank of Nursing delegation and management of patient care 2nd edition By Kathleen Motacki. Kathleen Burke

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9780323321099
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0323321099

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Test Bank of Nursing delegation and management of patient care 2nd edition By Kathleen Motacki. Kathleen Burke

Chapter 07: Professional Decision Making and Advocacy
Motacki: Nursing Delegation and Management of Patient Care, 2nd Edition

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. How can nurses communicate their positions to help influence policy?
1. Ongoing representation on policy-making committees.
2. Committees or boards.
3. Lobbying.
4. Making new laws at the state level.
5. Meeting with people in positions of influence
a. 1, 2, 4
b. 1, 2, 5
c. 1, 2, 3, 5
d. 1, 2, 4, 5

ANS: C
Nurses can communicate their positions to help influence policy through:
• Ongoing representation on policy-making.
• Committees or boards.
• Lobbying.
• Making submissions.
• Meeting with people in positions of influence

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: page 85

2. The four major areas of political action in nursing are
a. the workplace, the government, professional organizations and the community.
b. the workplace, the educational institutions, professional organizations and the community.
c. the government, professional organizations and the state regulators, community boards.
d. the government, the community and nursing boards, education board.

ANS: A
There are four major arenas of political action in nursing: the workplace, the government, professional organizations, and the community.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: page 81

3. As a nurse and member of the Professional Practice Committee at your institution, you will be asked to review policies and to make suggestions for changes. The components of the review will include
a. evidence of the current practice, and a literature review to determine current best evidence.
b. a nursing literature review.
c. evidence of outcomes.
d. comparison studies.

ANS: A
Evidence of the current practice, and a literature review are used together to determine current best evidence are necessary as part of the review process for establishing and/or maintaining best practices.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: page 81

4. Which nursing professional organization represents the interests of nurses regarding many issues, tracks nursing and health care related bills across all states and examines priority issues and trends?
a. ANCC
b. Sigma Theta Tau International
c. ANA
d. CCNE

ANS: C
The American Nurses Association (ANA) represents the interests of nurses regarding many issues. Each year they track over 1000 nursing and health care related bills across all states, examining priority issues, and trends. They also release position statements on many issues of importance to nursing and health care in the United States. Sigma Theta Tau, ANCC, and CCNE are not involved policy development.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: page 81 | page 83

5. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report challenges nurses and society to ensure that nurses are represented in leadership positions in health care, including governing boards. According o the latest data, approximately how many nurses sit on governing boards?
a. Less than %5
b. More than %5
c. 15 %
d. 10%

ANS: A
The sparse data that exist indicate that physicians comprise more than 20 % of the governing board members of hospitals and less than 5% are nurses.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: page 84

6. Which of the following is a policy that pertains to the governing of workplaces?
a. Social
b. Health
c. Organizational
d. Institutional

ANS: D
Institutional policies are policies that govern the workplace. Social policy pertains to the policy decisions that promote the welfare of the public. Health policy includes actions to promote the health of individual citizens. Organizational policy includes the positions taken by professional organizations such as the ANA and specialty organizations.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: page 81

7. Which of the following is a policy that pertains to the decisions that promote the welfare of the public?
a. Social
b. Health
c. Organizational
d. Public

ANS: A
Social policy pertains to the policy decisions that promote the welfare of the public. Health policy includes actions to promote the health of individual citizens. Organizational policy includes the positions taken by professional organizations such as the ANA and specialty organizations. Institutional policies are policies that govern the workplace.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: page 81

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