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Psychology Applied to Teaching 13th Edition International by Jack Snowman – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9781111344832
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1111344832

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Psychology Applied to Teaching 13th Edition International by Jack Snowman – Test Bank

Chapter 8: Information Processing Theory

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. Which of the following represents the proper sequence of cognitive processes that occur as we process information?
a. attention, recognition, transformation, storage, retrieval
b. perception, attention, recognition, transformation, retrieval
c. attention, transformation, recognition, storage, retrieval
d. perception, attention, recognition, storage, retrieval

ANS: A REF: 250-251
NOT: The correct sequence is attending to a stimulus, recognizing the stimulus, transforming it into a mental representation, comparing it to information already stored, assigning meaning to the stimulus, and acting on it.

2. The information-processing approach to analyzing cognitive functioning stresses all but which one of the following?
a. attention c. reinforcement
b. retrieval d. storage

ANS: C REF: 250-251
NOT: The information-processing approach is concerned with ways humans attend to, recognize, transform, store, and retrieve information. Reinforcement is one of the basic principles of behavioral learning theory.

3. The sensory register
a. holds up to seven bits of information for a brief time period.
b. registers stimuli very briefly while we decide if they will be processed further.
c. is essentially the same as working memory.
d. registers sense impressions in more or less permanent form.

ANS: B REF: 252-253
NOT: The sensory register has been given that name because sensory information is registered for a brief period of time as it is perceived. The purpose of the sensory register is to hold information for a few seconds so that we can decide whether it should be processed further.

4. The purpose of the sensory register is to
a. hold information briefly for possible processing.
b. encode information for long-term use.
c. encode information for immediate use.
d. organize sense impressions into meaningful patterns.

ANS: A REF: 251-253
NOT: The sensory register has been given that name because sensory information is registered for a brief period of time as it is perceived. The purpose of the sensory register is to hold information for a few seconds so that one can decide whether or not the information should be processed further.

5. As you read this question, you will choose an answer that you decide is correct by relating the question to information already stored in your long-term memory. The mental process taking place as you do this can best be explained by which of the following concepts?
a. attention c. rehearsal
b. chunking d. recognition

ANS: D REF: 253
NOT: Recognition is defined as the process of noting key features of a new experience and relating them to stored information, a succinct description of your behavior as you examine multiple-choice questions.

6. A student who is taking a course in educational psychology for the first time scans through the information-processing theory chapter and notes the word metacognition, which is unfamiliar. This student’s selective focusing on the term metacognition is known as
a. retrieval. c. attention.
b. elaborative rehearsal. d. discriminant encoding.

ANS: C REF: 253
NOT: According to the multi-stage, information processing model, once information is in the sensory register, either we attend to it, or it decays.

7. The process of recognition is best described as one that involves
a. storing information for a few seconds for possible processing.
b. perception and attention.
c. relating stimulus information to information stored in long-term memory.
d. focusing on that part of a stimulus array that is of most interest.

ANS: C REF: 253
NOT: Recognition is defined as the process of noting key features of a new experience and relating them to stored information, a succinct description of your behavior as you examine multiple-choice questions.

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