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Medical Terminology A Programmed Approach 2Nd Edition By by Paula Bostwick – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0073402249
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0073402246

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Medical Terminology A Programmed Approach 2Nd Edition By by Paula Bostwick – Test Bank

Chapter 10 – The Endocrine System

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The health care provider understands that the adrenal glands regulate ____________________.
A. Testosterone
B. Estrogen
C. Electrolytes
D. Progesterone

2. The thyroid gland is located where?
A. Above the kidneys
B. Either side of the trachea
C. Ovaries
D. Testes

3. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are secreted by the:
A. Adrenal cortex
B. Adrenal medulla
C. Thyroid
D. Parathyroid

4. Insulin is secreted by the:
A. Ovaries
B. Testes
C. Liver
D. Pancreas

5. The pancreas helps maintain proper levels of blood ____________________.
A. Insulin
B. Glucose
C. Testosterone
D. Estrogen

6. Insulin is produced by ____________________ cells.
A. Alpha
B. Beta
C. Glucagon
D. islet

7. Glucagon is produced by ____________________ cells.
A. Alpha
B. Beta
C. Pancreas
D. Islet

8. The testes produce male hormones called ____________________.
A. Androgens
B. Estrogen
C. Progesterone
D. Testosterone

9. Sperms are produced in the ____________________.
A. Ova
B. Ovaries
C. Pancreas
D. Testes

10. Vasopressin increases water ____________________.
A. Absorption
B. Excretion
C. Production
D. Secretion

11. This is characterized by enlarged features, especially in the extremities and face and is caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty.
A. Acromegaly
B. Dwarfism
C. Cretism
D. Gigantism

12. This hormone is secreted by the adrenal gland; it works alongside epinephrine / adrenaline to give the body sudden energy in times of stress.
A. Sympathomimetic
B. Electrolyte
C. Suprarenal
D. Catecholamines

13. This hormone affects the onset of puberty, also regulates the sleep-wake cycles.
A. Estrogen
B. Testosterone
C. Thymosin
D. Melatonin

14. This hormone regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism.
A. Parathyroid hormone
B. Growth hormone
C. Antidiuretic hormone
D. Thyroid hormone

15. This disorder is caused by a deficiency of thyroid secretion.
A. Hyperparathyroidism
B. Goiter
C. Exophthalmos
D. Hypothyroidism

16. This is caused by an oversecretion of the adrenal gland.
A. Cushing’s syndrome
B. Exophthalmos
C. Thyrotoxicosis
D. Graves disease

17. What hormone promotes water reabsorption within the body?
A. Growth hormone
B. Thyroid hormone
C. Antidiuretic hormone
D. Parathyroid hormone

18. A disease of a lymph node is:
A. Gonadopathy
B. Glucogenesis
C. Glycolysis
D. Adenopathy

19. Production of glucose is:
A. Glycolysis
B. Glucogenesis
C. Gonadotropin
D. Pancreatitis

20. Bulging of the eyes is ____________________.
A. Graves disease
B. Exophthalmos
C. Thyrotoxicosis
D. Goiter

21. Lack of iodine in the diet can cause a (n) ____________________.
A. Graves disease
B. Exophthalmos
C. Thyrotoxicosis
D. Goiter

22. In the pancreas, ______________ cells secrete insulin, which ____________ blood levels of glucose.
A. Alpha ; raises
B. Alpha; lowers
C. Beta; raises
D. Beta; lowers

23. Which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland?
A. thyroid
B. pancreas
C. pituitary
D. lacrimal

24. Which hormone is NOT secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
A. prolactin
B. antidiuretic hormone
C. thyroid-stimulating hormone
D. growth hormone

25. A goiter is an enlargement of the
A. Adrenal glands
B. Pituitary gland
C. Thyroid gland
D. Pancreas

26. The patient is experiencing hypoparathyroidism. The nurse would assess for:
A. Tetany
B. Anemia
C. Kidney failure
D. Weight loss

27. The patient is complaining of excessive fatigue, and weight gain. Which of the following glandular function does the health care provider assess?
A. Parathyroid
B. Adrenal
C. Pituitary
D. Thyroid

28. The patient has hypersecretion of antidiuretic hormone. The health care provider evaluates the patient for:
A. Hypervolemia
B. Dehydration
C. Myxedema
D. Tetany

29. Hormones are only effective in
A. cells with receptors
B. ducts
C. exocrine glands
D. apocrine glands

30. Melatonin is released by the
A. hypothalamus
B. pineal gland
C. pituitary gland
D. thyroid

31. Calcitonin is secreted by
A. parathyroid cells
B. thymus cells
C. thyroid cells
D. adrenal cells

32. Acromegaly is an abnormality of the
A. adrenal glands
B. thyroid glands
C. pituitary gland
D. thymus gland

33. Symptoms of diabetes include
A. polydipsia
B. polyuria
C. tumors
D. both polydipsia and polyuria

34. The adrenal glands are not responsible for which of the following?
A. Metabolism
B. Growth
C. Fluid and electrolyte balance
D. Blood sugar

35. Identify the combining form adren(o) with its closest definition.
A. Glucose
B. Adrenal glands
C. Gland
D. Parathyroid

36. Identify the combining form gluc(o) with its closest definition.
A. Gland
B. Glycogen
C. Glucose
D. Pancreas

37. Identify the combining form glyc(o) with its closest definition.
A. Gland
B. Glycogen
C. Glucose
D. Pancreas

38. Identify the combining form gonad(o) with its closest definition.
A. Sex glands
B. Thyroid gland
C. Glucose
D. Glycogen

39. Identify the combining form pancreat(o) with its closest definition.
A. Parathyroid
B. Thyroid
C. Gland
D. Pancreas

40. Identify the combining form parathyroid(o) with its closest definition.
A. Parathyroid
B. Thyroid
C. Gland
D. Pancreas

41. Identify the combining form thyroid(o) with its closest definition.
A. Parathyroid
B. Thyroid
C. Gland
D. Pancreas

Fill in the Blank Questions

42. Hormones are secreted by ________.
________________________________________

43. A group of receptors form _________.
________________________________________

44. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the: _________.
________________________________________

45. Exocrine glands secrete into ____________.
________________________________________

46. The health care provider identifies the hypothalamus as being located in the brain _________ to the pituitary.
________________________________________

47. The ________ gland releases melatonin, a hormone believed to affect sleep.
________________________________________

48. The pituitary gland is also called the ____________.
________________________________________

49. The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is the ____________.
________________________________________

50. The ___________ connects the two lobes of the thyroid gland.
________________________________________

51. The adrenal cortex is the _______ portion of each adrenal gland.
________________________________________

52. Catecholamines are hormones that are secreted in response to _______.
________________________________________

53. The adrenal glands regulate ____________; _______________; _____________.
________________________________________

54. The health care provider explains that insulin is secreted when blood sugar levels are _______.
________________________________________

55. Prolactin stimulates ____________.
________________________________________

56. The health care provider identifies that adrenaline is secreted by the __________.
________________________________________

57. The patient states that he has excessive and constant thirst. The medical assistant documents this as: __________.
________________________________________

58. The patient has Graves disease. The health care provider assesses the eyes for: __________.
________________________________________

59. The parathyroid glands are responsible for __________ levels.
________________________________________

60. The patient had her thyroid removed. The nurse assesses the patient for sign and symptoms of ____________.
________________________________________

61. The nurse assesses the patient’s electrolyte levels which are regulated by the __________.
________________________________________

62. The health care provider identifies the major androgen as: _________________.
________________________________________

63. The patient had a hypersecretion of growth hormone after puberty. This would be documented as: _________________.
________________________________________

64. The patient is urinating excessive amounts. The health care provider assesses for: _________________.
________________________________________

65. Hypoadrenalism is also known as ___________.
________________________________________

66. The health care provider explains that excessive amounts of insulin may cause: ___________________.
________________________________________

67. The health care provider stresses the importance of managing blood sugar levels to avoid damage to the kidneys or __________.
________________________________________

68. The nurse assesses for symptoms of insulin shock as ________, ____________, ________, _________ and _______.
________________________________________

69. The hormone that promotes development of female sex characteristics is: ___________________.
________________________________________

70. The female patient complains of excessive and abnormal hair growth. This will be documented as: ___________________.
________________________________________

71. The thymus gland is part of both the endocrine and ____________________ systems.
________________________________________

72. The health care identifies this hormone as being responsible for lowering blood calcium levels ____________________.
________________________________________

73. This pharmacological agent lowers blood sugar ____________________.
________________________________________

74. The patient had the pituitary gland removed. This is documented as: ____________________.
________________________________________

Short Answer Questions

75. The pregnant patient that has a posterior pituitary tumor may have difficulty with labor due to a lack of what hormone being produced?

 

 

76. The health care provider would order which thyroid test to assess metabolic function?

 

 

77. The health care provider orders what test to check blood sugar 2 hours after a meal?

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The health care provider understands that the adrenal glands regulate ____________________.
A. Testosterone
B. Estrogen
C. Electrolytes
D. Progesterone
The adrenal glands are responsible for metabolism, growth, fluid and electrolyte balance.

Bloom’s: Apply
Difficulty: Intermediate
Time Per Question: 0-1 min
Topic: Structure and Function in the Endocrine System

2. The thyroid gland is located where?
A. Above the kidneys
B. Either side of the trachea
C. Ovaries
D. Testes
The thyroid gland sits on either side of the trachea.

Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Time Per Question: 0-1 min
Topic: Structure and Function in the Endocrine System

3. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are secreted by the:
A. Adrenal cortex
B. Adrenal medulla
C. Thyroid
D. Parathyroid
The adrenal medulla secretes the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine.

Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Time Per Question: 0-1 min
Topic: Structure and Function in the Endocrine System

4. Insulin is secreted by the:
A. Ovaries
B. Testes
C. Liver
D. Pancreas
The pancreas is responsible for insulin production.

Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Time Per Question: 0-1 min
Topic: Structure and Function in the Endocrine System

5. The pancreas helps maintain proper levels of blood ____________________.
A. Insulin
B. Glucose
C. Testosterone
D. Estrogen
The pancreas secretes enzymes to maintain a normal blood glucose level

Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Time Per Question: 0-1 min
Topic: Structure and Function in the Endocrine System

6. Insulin is produced by ____________________ cells.
A. Alpha
B. Beta
C. Glucagon
D. islet
Insulin is produced by beta cells.

Bloom’s: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Time Per Question: 0-1 min
Topic: Structure and Function in the Endocrine System

7. Glucagon is produced by ____________________ cells.
A. Alpha
B. Beta
C. Pancreas
D. Islet
Glucagon is produced by alpha cells.

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