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Medical Language for Modern Health Care 4Th Edition By David – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 007782072X
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0077820725

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Medical Language for Modern Health Care 4Th Edition By David – Test Bank

Medical Language for Modern Health Care, 4e (Allan)
Chapter 7 Male Reproductive System

1) The term which comes from the Latin meaning to twist and refers to the act or result of twisting is
A) gonad
B) raphe
C) ductus
D) torsion
E) testis

2) The term which refers to the ovary or testis and is derived from the Greek meaning seed is
A) semen
B) genital
C) gonad
D) epididymis
E) bulbourethral

3) Which of the following terms means pertaining to a sheath?
A) Seminal
B) Testicular
C) Ejaculatory
D) Vaginalis
E) Reproductive

4) The definition of the term genitalia is
A) pertaining to carrying semen
B) pertaining to external and internal organs of reproduction.
C) pertaining to a sac containing testes
D) a condition of a mature, male sex cell
E) pertaining to excessive urination at night

5) The term that means a condition involving two rapid cell divisions, resulting in half the usual number of chromosomes is
A) anabolism
B) catabolism
C) meiosis
D) mitosis
E) myolysis
6) Which term containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to an inflammation involving the coiled tube attached to the back of the testis?
A) Balanitis
B) Prostatitis
C) Orchitis
D) Urethritis
E) Epididymitis

7) Which of the following terms meaning pertaining to carrying semen is spelled correctly?
A) Siminipherous
B) Semeniferus
C) Semenipherous
D) Seminiferous
E) Seminepharos

8) The major androgen produced by the interstitial cells of the testes which stimulates male development is ________.

9) The singular term for the tail of a sperm is ________, and its plural form is ________.
A) flagella; flagellas
B) flagellum; flagella
C) flagellum; flagellums
D) flagella; flagellae
E) flagella; flagelli

10) Which of the following terms means pertaining to the area between the thighs?
A) Penile
B) Penal
C) Perineal
D) Prostatic
E) Scrotal

11) The term that has a prefix meaning above is
A) circumcision
B) epispadias
C) hyperplasia
D) ejaculate
E) anorchism
12) A small sac containing liquid, such as semen, is known as a seminal ________.
A) vesicle
B) ampulla
C) varicocele
D) lobule
E) sinus

13) The plural form of the singular term testis is
A) testicle
B) testises
C) testes
D) testum
E) testa

14) A monthly test recommended for all men to detect swelling or tenderness in the scrotum is abbreviated as a(n)

15) The D in the abbreviation DRE stands for
A) direct
B) digital
C) disease
D) dorsal
E) dorsum

16) Which of the following terms, derived from the Greek meaning seam, refers to a line separating two symmetrical structures?
A) Rete
B) Raphe
C) Tunica
D) Rictus
E) Stricture

17) Libido is another term for ________ and is stimulated by ________.
A) sexual maturity; the basal metabolic rate
B) sexual desire; erythropoiesis
C) puberty; androgens
D) spermatogenesis; androgens
E) sex drive; testosterone
18) Which of the following terms has a prefix meaning not?
A) Polyuria
B) Reproductive
C) Epidural
D) Infertility
E) Hypogonadism

19) The plural form of the singular term condyloma is
A) condylomas
B) condylomata
C) condylomum
D) condylomes
E) condylomis

20) Epididymitis can often result in
A) orchitis
B) hydrocele
C) spermatocele
D) cryptorchism
E) prostatitis

21) The term orchiopexy means
A) surgical repair of a testis
B) surgical fixation of a testis
C) varicose veins in a testis
D) suture of a testis
E) surgical removal of the testis

22) Of the following terms, which one means a neoplasm of the germ cells of a testis?
A) Carcinoma
B) Testoma
C) Blastoma
D) Seminoma
E) Choriocarcinoma

23) The term used to describe the failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum is
A) spermatocele
B) testicular torsion
C) testicular teratoma
D) anorchism
E) cryptorchism
24) Identify the suffix in the term spermatocele and its meaning.
A) spermato; sperm
B) cele; varicose vein
C) sperm; seminal fluid
D) cele; cave, swelling
E) cele; tumor, mass

25) The two seminal vesicles are located on the posterior surface of the urinary bladder. The wall of each vesicle contains mucosal folds which produce a viscous, yellowish, alkaline fluid containing fructose and prostaglandins. Based on the reading, which of the following statements best describes the vesicles?
A) The seminal vesicles lie in front of the bladder.
B) The thick, vesicle fluid has a high pH and contains sugar as an energy source.
C) The thin, watery vesicle fluid is acidic and contains hormones.
D) The lumen walls are smooth and flat.
E) The seminal vesicles lie on either side of the prostate

26) Which of the following terms meaning dilated portion of a canal or duct is spelled correctly?
A) Ampule
B) Ampulle
C) Ampulla
D) Ammphula
E) Amphula

27) The name of the medical specialty that focuses on diseases of the genitourinary tract is ________.

28) Which of the following terms deconstructs into a suffix meaning capable?
A) Ejaculate
B) Reproductive
C) Motile
D) Mitosis
E) Seminiferous

29) Which of the following terms has a suffix that means pertaining to?
A) Anorchism
B) Androgen
C) Spermatid
D) Testicular
E) Epididymis

30) The process of expelling semen is called ________.
31) The term prostate is from the Greek meaning
A) lying on one’s face
B) one left behind
C) one standing before
D) for a good cause
E) join together

32) Which of the following terms refers to a method of male contraception?
A) Vagotomy
B) Vasectomy
C) Vasotomy
D) Vasorrhexis
E) Testectomy

33) The definition of a vasovasostomy is
A) creating an opening into a blood vessel
B) surgical removal of the vas deferens
C) incision into the vas deferens
D) re-anastomosis of the ductus deferens to restore the flow of sperm
E) creating an opening into the scrotum

34) Which of the following sets of word elements makes a term that means a condition involving deficient production of sperm, eggs, or reproductive hormones?
A) Hypo + spermato + genesis
B) Hypo + spad + ias
C) Hypo + gonad + ism
D) Hypo + orchid+ ism
E) Hypo + sperm + ia

35) A noncancerous enlargement of the prostate is abbreviated as

36) What is the type of prostatitis that develops as an acute bacterial infection accompanied by fever, chills, dysuria, and hematuria?
A) type II
B) type IV
C) type 1
D) type III
E) type V
37) One meaning of the term sterile is
A) cleanliness
B) contaminated
C) fertile
D) unable to fertilize or reproduce
E) the same as vasectomy reversal

38) Which of the following terms means the absence of the testes?
A) Hypogonadism
B) Hypospadias
C) Anorchism
D) Cryptorchism
E) Priapism

39) The term for excessive production of urine is
A) dysuria
B) anuria
C) oliguria
D) polyuria
E) hyperuria

40) In the United States, 85% of all males are circumcised in the neonatal period. In Europe, less than 20% are circumcised. Studies suggest that circumcision provides a degree of protection against acquiring HIV infection and also a decreased risk of acquiring penile cancer late in life. Based on the reading, which of the following statements is true?
A) Circumcision is more common in Europe than in the United States.
B) Circumcision is associated with increased risk of malignant tumors of the penis.
C) Circumcised males never get HIV infection.
D) There are no potential benefits from circumcision.
E) Circumcision in the United States is usually done in the first few weeks after birth.

41) The medical term for an inflammation of the glans and foreskin is
A) balanitis
B) prostatitis
C) orchitis
D) epididymitis
E) penitis
42) What is the correct construction and meaning of the word elements in the term nocturia?
A) noctur (daylight) + ia (condition)
B) no (not) + ctur (urine) + ia (condition)
C) noct (not) + ur (urine) + ia (pertaining to)
D) noctu (nighttime) + ria (pertaining to)

43) A synonym for erectile dysfunction is
A) impotence
B) vasectomy
C) phimosis
D) Peyronie’s disease
E) priapism

44) Priapism can be caused by drugs, ________, and ________.
A) blood clots; spinal cord injury
B) viruses; bacteria
C) stress; antibiotics
D) stress; heat
E) inflammation; infection

45) The head of the penis or clitoris is called the
A) prepuce
B) glans
C) smegma
D) cavernosa
E) acuminate

46) The primary lesion in syphilis is called a(n)
A) frenulum
B) chancre
C) smegma
D) contagiosum
E) molluscum

47) The D in STD stands for
A) defect
B) dysuria
C) dysfunction
D) disease
E) dorsal
48) Which of the following terms has a suffix meaning tissue?
A) Acuminata
B) Spongiosum
C) Erection
D) Cavernosa
E) Perineal

49) Ejaculation occurs when the ________ system stimulates smooth muscle of the ductus deferens, ejaculatory ducts, and the prostate gland to ________.
A) parasympathetic nervous; contract
B) central nervous; relax
C) sympathetic nervous; contract
D) sympathetic nervous; spasm
E) parasympathetic nervous; relax

50) A warty growth on the external genitalia is called a
A) condyloma
B) chancre
C) molluscum
D) spongiosum
E) frenulum

51) Peyronie disease is defined as
A) a swelling of the penis caused by trauma
B) the opening of the urethra located on the dorsum of the penis
C) the opening of the urethra located on the undersurface of the penis
D) penile bending and pain on erection
E) a condition of premature ejaculation

52) Which of the following terms means spreadable from one person to another by direct contact?
A) Disease
B) Contagiosum
C) Transmission
D) Contiguous
E) Convoluted

53) Ejaculating so quickly during intercourse that it causes embarrassment is called ________ ejaculation.
A) premature
B) precocious
C) premarital
D) postcoital
E) immature
54) The term which means tapering to a point is
A) apex
B) acuminata
C) frenulum
D) cavernosa
E) prepuce

55) A synonym for prepuce is
A) glans
B) smegma
C) corpus
D) frenulum
E) foreskin

56) Which of the following terms means pertaining to the penis?
A) Pentad
B) Penile
C) Penal
D) Penary
E) Balanic

57) What is the correct deconstruction and meaning of the word elements in the term cavernosa?
A) cavern (cave) + osa (state of, quality)
B) ca (opening) + vern (vertical) + osa (condition)
C) cavern (cave) + osa (like)
D) cav (cave) + ern (opening) + osa (pertaining to)
E) caver (opening) + nosa (pertaining to)

58) A condition in which the foreskin is tight because of a small opening and cannot be retracted over the glans for cleaning is called
A) priapism
B) phimosis
C) balanitis
D) epispadias
E) hypospadias

59) Causes of urethritis include
A) infections and chemical irritants
B) BPH and ED
C) STDs and pancreatitis
D) prostatitis and TURP
E) priapism and spermicides
60) The term stricture means
A) the act or result of twisting
B) an agent to prevent conception
C) a narrowing of a tube
D) bending
E) failure to conceive

61) A congenital condition in which the opening of the urethra is on the undersurface of the penis instead of at the head of the glans is called
A) priapism
B) phimosis
C) hypospadias
D) epispadias
E) paraphimosis

62) A vasectomy is a means of
A) circumcision
B) contraception
C) contraction
D) constipation
E) contusion

63) The process by which male germ cells differentiate into sperm is called
A) spermatozoon
B) reproduction
C) mitosis
D) meiosis
E) spermatogenesis

64) The suffix in the term varicocele means
A) swelling
B) cave, swelling
C) varicosity
D) water
E) drooping

65) Identify the root and its meaning in the term epididymis.
A) epi; above
B) epididym; testis
C) didym; testis
D) didym; coiled tube
E) didymis; gonad
66) A collection of fluid in the space of the tunica vaginalis is called a
A) hydrocele
B) varicocele
C) spermatocele
D) teratoma
E) cryptorchism

67) The root in the term teratoma means
A) tumor, mass
B) three
C) monster, malformed fetus
D) membrane, chorion
E) testicle

68) The surgical procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia is abbreviated as

69) The abbreviation for a blood test used to detect the presence of cancer of the prostate gland is ________.

70) The surgical removal of the prostate gland is called a
A) prostatotomy
B) prostectomy
C) prostatectomy
D) prostatostomy
E) prostadenectomy

71) Identify the root and its meaning in the term hyperplasia.
A) ia; condition
B) plasia; growth condition
C) hyper; excessive
D) plas; molding, formation
E) plas; overgrowth

72) A congenital defect in which the opening of the urethra is on the dorsum of the penis is called
A) phimosis
B) priapism
C) hypospadias
D) cryptorchism
E) epispadias
73) The oily material produced by the glans and prepuce is called
A) smegma
B) acuminata
C) semen
D) spongiosum
E) prostaglandin

74) The surgical procedure to remove part or all of the prepuce is a(n)
A) urethrotomy
B) balanectomy
C) urethrectomy
D) circumcision
E) orchiectomy

75) At the time of fertilization, each sperm has ________ chromosomes.
A) 15
B) 20
C) 22
D) 23
E) 46

76) The term which is derived from the Latin meaning grown up and refers to the process of maturing from child to young adult is called ________.

77) The plural form of the singular term spermatozoon is
A) sperm
B) spermatid
C) spermatozoa
D) spermatozoae
E) spermatozoons

78) The meaning of the prefix in the term cryptorchism is
A) cave, swelling
B) hidden
C) condition
D) testicle
E) monster

79) The abbreviation for impotence is ________.
80) Construct a medical term that means surgical excision of a testicle.
A) balan + ectomy
B) test + ectomy
C) orchio + tomy
D) orchi + ectomy
E) balano + tomy

81) The prefix in the term dysuria means
A) night
B) much
C) urine
D) difficult
E) scanty

82) The sac containing the testes is called the ________.

83) Diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and genital warts are examples of a classification of diseases that are abbreviated as ________.

84) The root/combining form in the term spermatocele means
A) varicosity
B) cave, swelling
C) hernia
D) sperm
E) epididymis

85) A twisting of the testis on its spermatic cord is called
A) epididymitis
B) cryptorchidism
C) testicular torsion
D) hydrocele
E) peyronie disease

86) The medical term which means the ability for spontaneous movement is
A) spermatozoa
B) motility
C) ejaculation
D) motile
E) erectile

87) The substance that is ejaculated from the penis that contains sperm and seminal fluid is called ________.
88) An inflammation of the organ which surrounds the beginning of the urethra is
A) prostatitis
B) prostratitis
C) urethritis
D) epididymitis
E) balanitis

89) A diagnostic test to confirm the presence of a hydrocele is a
A) urinalysis
B) prostate specific antigen
C) digital rectal exam
D) transillumination
E) cystoscopy

90) A 16 year-old male was brought to the emergency room (ER) complaining of a sudden onset of pain in his right testicle. On palpation the testicle is enlarged and tender. What procedure was done to the patient? The physician
A) measured the scrotal sac
B) looked at the scrotal sac
C) x-rayed the scrotal sac
D) felt the scrotal sac
E) tapped on the scrotal sac

91) What is the rationale for locating the testes within the scrotum outside the body?
A) There is no room in the abdominal cavity
B) A cooler environment is best for sperm production and storage
C) The testes are closer to the urethra
D) Sperm can travel faster in this location
E) There is more space for sperm storage

92) The medical term epididymis is composed of which of the following word elements?
A) prefix, root, suffix
B) prefix, suffix
C) root, root, suffix
D) prefix, root
E) prefix, root, suffix, suffix

93) In the medical term androgen, what is the root/combining form and its meaning?
A) gen; form, create
B) andro; hormone
C) andro; masculine
D) gen; testis
E) gen; gonad
94) The suffix in the term teratoma means
A) scatter, seed
B) tumor, mass
C) monster, malformed fetus
D) membrane
E) cancer

95) A patient visits the physician for complaints of “peeing too much and peeing all the time.” The physician would document this condition in the patient’s medical record as
A) nocturia
B) multiuria
C) dysuria
D) oliguria
E) polyuria

96) During a routine physical examination, a 65-year-old male patient tells the physician, “I have to get up several times during the night to pee.” Based on this symptom, the physician suspects that the patient may have
A) prostate cancer
B) a urinary tract infection
C) benign prostatic hyperplasia
D) diabetes mellitus
E) a sexually transmitted disease

97) An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ is called
A) hyperplasia
B) hypertrophy
C) hypoplasia
D) hypergenesis
E) hyperpoiesis

98) The plural form of the singular term corpus is
A) corposuses
B) corpora
C) corpori
D) corporum
E) corporate

99) A 68-year-old patient took a Viagra tablet and is now being seen in the emergency room (ER) for a painful erection that has lasted more than four hours. The medical term for this condition is ________.

100) The type of cell division that creates two identical cells, each with 46 chromosomes is called ________.
101) The M in the abbreviation BMR stands for
A) male
B) maturity
C) metabolic
D) maturation
E) motility

102) The root/combining form which means glans penis is
A) pen/o
B) phim/o
C) glans/o
D) balan/o
E) spadi/o

103) The testis should descend from the abdomen into the scrotum before a boy is
A) 12 months of age
B) 2 years of age
C) 5 years of age
D) 12 years of age
E) 18 years of age

104) The prefix in the term reproductive is ________ and its meaning is ________.
A) ive; nature of
B) product; lead forth
C) reproduct; lead forth again
D) re; again
E) repro; take back

105) The medical term for a specialist in the study of the urinary system is
A) urologist
B) urology
C) urologic
D) nephrologist
E) neprhology

106) The T in TURP stands for
A) transdermal
B) transcutaneous
C) transurethral
D) transureteral
E) transurinary
107) Male infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after at least ________ of unprotected intercourse.
A) 3 months
B) 6 months
C) 1 year
D) 2 years
E) 5 years

108) The medical term for a surgical incision into the gland that surrounds the urethra in the male is
A) prostectomy
B) prostratotomy
C) prostatitis
D) prostatotomy
E) prostatectomy

109) The suffix in the term vasovasostomy is ________ and its meaning is ________.
A) vaso; duct
B) ostomy; mouth
C) sostomy; enlarge
D) stomy; new opening
E) vasostomy; re-anastomosis

110) The correct pronunciation for the term raphe, which refers to a line separating two structures is
A) RAH- fay
B) rah – FEE
C) RAY- fee
D) rah – FAY
E) RAY- fay

111) The correct pronunciation for the tem prostatic, meaning pertaining to the prostate is
A) PROS- ta -tik
B) Pro- STA- tik
C) Pros –TRAT- ik
D) Pros- TAT- ik
E) Pro- STRA- tik


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