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Kozier Erb’s Fundamentals of Nursing, 10th Edition – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0133974367
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0133974362

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Kozier Erb’s Fundamentals of Nursing, 10th Edition – Test Bank

Kozier & Erb’s Fundamentals of Nursing, 10/E
Chapter 10
Question 1
Type: MCSA
The nurse is providing care to a group of clients. For which situation would the nurse’s use of critical thinking be a priority?
1. Administering IV push meds to critically ill clients
2. Educating a home health client about treatment options
3. Teaching new parents car seat safety
4. Assisting an orthopedic client with the proper use of crutches
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1: Administering IV meds (even to critically ill clients) does not require much reasoning. There are standard procedures to follow and, most of the time, clear answers about the rationale.
Rationale 2: Nurses who utilize good critical thinking skills are able to think and act in areas where there are neither clear answers nor standard procedures. Treatment options, especially for the home health client, can be extensive. There are many points to consider (good and bad), and choosing between treatment options can cause conflict among family members. The nurse in this case must use creativity, analysis based on science, and problem-solving skills—all of which contribute to critical thinking skills.
Rationale 3: Teaching new parents about car seat safety does not require much reasoning. There are standard procedures to follow and, most of the time, clear answers about the rationale.
Rationale 4: Teaching correct use of crutches does not require much reasoning. There are standard procedures to follow and, most of the time, clear answers about the rationale.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Client Need Sub:
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: 1. Describe the significance of developing critical thinking abilities in order to practice safe, effective, and professional nursing care.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 144

Question 2
Type: MCSA
A client recovering from a stroke does not want to perform prescribed shoulder exercises. What should the nurse say to the client that demonstrates critical thinking with creativity?
1. “You’ll only get worse if you don’t do these exercises.”
2. “As soon as you get these into your routine, you’ll feel better.”
3. “Your physician wouldn’t have ordered these if they weren’t important.”
4. “Here’s a marker. See how many circles you can make on this board in 10 minutes.”
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: Explaining the rationale for doing or not doing the exercises is not using creativity. It is merely explaining the reason.
Rationale 2: This shows no creativity and merely dismisses the client’s concerns and feelings.
Rationale 3: This shows no creativity and merely dismisses the client’s feelings.
Rationale 4: Making the exercise routine into something more fun—such as a game, drawing a picture, or even “decorating the walls,” for example—would raise a challenge to the client, take the focus off the “why,” and still achieve the end result.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Client Need Sub:
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementing
Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the actions of clinical reasoning in the implementation of the nursing process.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 145

Question 3
Type: MCSA
A student nurse resists when encouraged to be creative when providing client care. What should the nurse educator say to encourage this student to be creative?
1. “Creativity allows unique solutions to unique problems.”
2. “Not all your answers are going to be from your textbook.”
3. “Creativity makes nursing more fun.”
4. “You’ll get bored if you don’t learn to be creative.”
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: Creativity is thinking that results in the development of new ideas and products and is the ability to develop and implement new and better solutions. When nurses incorporate creativity into their thinking, they are able to find unique solutions to unique problems. Creativity does make the nurse look beyond the answers found in the text, but it also brings originality and individuality to nursing.
Rationale 2: This option does not address the reason creativity is a major component of critical thinking, and appears to dismiss the student’s statement.
Rationale 3: This option doesn’t address the reason for creativity in nursing and merely trivializes its importance.
Rationale 4: This option doesn’t address the reason for creativity in nursing and merely provides a personal motive for creativity.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Client Need Sub:
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementing
Learning Outcome: 1. Describe the significance of developing critical thinking abilities in order to practice safe, effective, and professional nursing care.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 145

Question 4
Type: MCSA
The nurse educator assigns students an activity to implement Socratic questioning in their daily lives. Which question provided by a student demonstrates this reasoning technique?
1. “What makes you think cramming for a test is an ineffective way to study?”
2. “What other ways of studying could you implement?”
3. “If you didn’t study for your test, what is the probability you will fail?”
4. “If you study all the unit outcomes, what effect will that have?”
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: Socratic questioning is a technique one can use to look beneath the surface, recognize and examine assumptions, search for inconsistencies, examine multiple points of view, and differentiate what one knows from what one merely believes. Questions about evidence and reason focus on just that (e.g., what evidence is there, how you know, what would change your mind).
Rationale 2: Asking about ways to study would be a question about the problem (studying), which is not an example of Socratic questioning.
Rationale 3: Asking about the effects of studying is questioning about implications and consequences, which is not an example of Socratic questioning.
Rationale 4: Asking about the effects of studying is questioning about implications and consequences, which is not an example of Socratic questioning.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Client Need Sub:
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: 3. Discuss the attitudes and skills needed to develop critical thinking and clinical reasoning.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 146

Question 5
Type: MCSA
A client is experiencing a productive cough, audible coarse crackles, elevated temperature of 102.3°F, chills, and body aches. What did the nurse use to determine that this patient is experiencing respiratory compromise?
1. Deductive reasoning
2. Inductive reasoning
3. Socratic questioning
4. Critical analysis
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: Deductive reasoning is reasoning from the general to the specific. The nurse starts with a framework and makes descriptive interpretations of the client’s condition in relation to the framework. Productive cough, crackles, fever, and chills all point to problems with respiratory status.
Rationale 2: Inductive reasoning would be making a generalization from a set of facts or observation. In this case, the nurse using inductive reasoning could presume that the client has bronchitis or a bacterial respiratory infection.
Rationale 3: Socratic questioning looks beneath the surface and asks questions to come to a conclusion about the situation; that is not what is described in this scenario.
Rationale 4: Critical analysis looks beneath the surface and asks questions to come to a conclusion about the situation.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Client Need: Physiological Integrity
Client Need Sub: Reduction of Risk Potential
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the actions of clinical reasoning in the implementation of the nursing process.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 147

Question 6
Type: MCSA
A client with a PhD in epidemiology has been to numerous physicians and has had numerous laboratory tests, all of which were abnormal, and exploratory surgery, but no one is able to explain the etiology of his problem. The client also states that he has a rare form of a neurological disorder. Which statement should the nurse make that demonstrates critical thinking?
1. “Why don’t you just tell your physician what you think you have?”
2. “Did you bring your prior tests and results with you, so we don’t repeat anything?”
3. “If you know what you have, what do you want from us?”
4. “Describe what tests you’ve had and explain the symptoms of this disorder.”
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1: Asking “why” questions make clients very defensive, and doing so does not utilize critical thinking skills.
Rationale 2: Asking a “yes/no” question offers little other information, and doing so does not utilize critical thinking skills.
Rationale 3: Asking the client what he wants does not help to find out more information about the client’s situation or prior history, and doing so does not utilize critical thinking skills.
Rationale 4: In critical thinking, the nurse also differentiates statements of fact, inference, judgment, and opinion. The nurse will have to ascertain the accuracy of information and evaluate the credibility of the information sources.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Applying
Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Client Need Sub:
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the actions of clinical reasoning in the implementation of the nursing process.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 147

Question 7
Type: MCSA
A nurse educator has always believed that lectures with focused outlines are the best way to present theory content in class. A colleague, who teaches the same group of students, but a different subject, utilizes group work and in-class activities to teach difficult content and finds that students perform as well, or better, on their tests. The first educator in this situation is starting to rethink her position. What behavior is the first educator demonstrating?
1. Integrity
2. Perseverance
3. Fair-mindedness
4. Humility
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: Intellectual integrity requires that individuals apply the same rigorous standards of proof to their own knowledge and beliefs as they apply to the knowledge and beliefs of others. Trying new teaching techniques in the hope that students might respond positively shows that the first educator is willing to question her own practices, just as she would question those of another.
Rationale 2: Perseverance is determination that enables critical thinkers to clarify concepts and sort out related issues, in spite of difficulties and frustrations.
Rationale 3: Fair-mindedness is assessing all viewpoints with the same standards and not basing judgments on personal or group bias or prejudice.
Rationale 4: Intellectual humility means having an awareness of the limits of one’s own knowledge. Critical thinkers are willing to admit what they do not know, seek new information, and rethink their conclusions in light of new knowledge.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment
Client Need Sub: Management of Care
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: 2. Describe the actions of clinical reasoning in the implementation of the nursing process.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 149

Question 8
Type: MCSA
The nurse who just moved from an urban area to a sparsely populated rural area understands that certain customs and practices the nurse follows may be quite foreign to the people in the new area. Which attitude of critical thinking is the nurse demonstrating?
1. Fair-mindedness
2. Insight into egocentricity
3. Intellectual humility
4. Intellectual courage to challenge the status quo and rituals
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1: Fair-mindedness means assessing all viewpoints with the same standards and not basing judgments on personal or group bias or prejudice.
Rationale 2: Critical thinkers are open to the possibility that their personal biases or social pressures and customs could unduly affect their thinking. They actively try to examine their own biases and bring them to awareness each time they make a decision. Understanding that how things were done and what practices were common may be completely different in the new surroundings is an example of the nurse implementing this attitude.
Rationale 3: Intellectual humility means having an awareness of the limits of one’s own knowledge.
Rationale 4: Intellectual courage to challenge the status quo and rituals is taking a fair examination of one’s own ideas or views, especially those to which one may have a strongly negative reaction.
Global Rationale:

Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment
Client Need Sub: Management of Care
QSEN Competencies: I. A. 1. Integrate understanding of multiple dimensions of patient centered care
AACN Essentials Competencies: IX. 3. Implement holistic, patient-centered care that reflects an understanding of human growth and development, pathophysiology, pharmacology, medical management and nursing management across the health-illness continuum, across lifespan, and in all healthcare settings
NLN Competencies: Context and Environment; Practice; conduct population-based transcultural health assessments and interventions
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: 3. Discuss the attitudes and skills needed to develop critical thinking and clinical reasoning.
MNL Learning Outcome: 1.4.1. Analyze the role of assessment in the establishment of the nursing process.
Page Number: 148

Question 9
Type: MCSA
The nurse implements a quicker way to set up and initiate an intravenous infusion while still following safe practice. Which attitude of critical thinking is this nurse practicing?
1. Independence
2. Intellectual courage to challenge the status quo or rituals
3. Integrity
4. Confidence
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1: Nurses who can think for themselves and consider different methods of performing technical skills—not just the way they may have been taught in school—develop an attitude of independence.

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