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Introductory Medical Surgical Nursing 11th Edition by Barbara K. Tim by – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1451177321
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1451177329

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Introductory Medical Surgical Nursing 11th Edition by Barbara K. Tim by – Test Bank

Chapter 09

1. Which type of therapy is speculated to affect the ion exchange of electrolytes, such as calcium, sodium, and potassium?
A) Electromagnetic therapy
B) Shiatsu
C) Hypnosis
D) Yoga
Ans: A
Feedback:
Electromagnetic therapy is speculated to influence ion exchange of electrolytes, such as calcium, sodium, and potassium. Shiatsu uses acupoints, and yoga uses exercises for therapy. Hypnosis is not known to affect ions in the body.

2. Chiropractors treat disorders by which of the following methods?
A) Applying force to a specific location
B) Massaging the area to encourage circulation
C) Manipulating the spine to align vertebrae
D) Channeling the universal energy
Ans: C
Feedback:
According to chiropractic theory, misalignment of the spinal vertebrae changes activities of nerves that control body functions in distant organs. This may lead to diseases. Spine manipulation treats the disorders by correcting the alignment of the vertebrae. Applying force to a specific location is the method of acupressure and not chiropractic. Massage improves circulation, but this is not the main job of the chiropractor. Channeling universal energy happens only in Reiki.

3. Which of the following complementary and alternative therapies uses 7,000 nerve endings to improve the body’s ability to facilitate natural healing?
A) Reflexology
B) Magnetism
C) Acupuncture
D) Chiropractic
Ans: A
Feedback:
Practitioners of reflexology claim that reflex centers in the extremities have more than 7,000 nerve endings connected to the body organs and tissues. When pressure is applied to one reflex center, the impulse travels to the spinal cord and brain. This reconditioning of the neural reflex facilitates natural healing. Magnetism seeks to cure by influencing the natural magnetic field of body cells. Acupuncture is a procedure used in or adapted from Chinese medical practice in which specific body areas are pierced with fine needles for therapeutic purposes. Chiropractors manipulate the spine to correct its misalignment.

4. A patient is entering the clinic today requesting a method that has few physical risks, can be taught easily, and has provided evidence of positive effects. The patient is requesting a conventional method. What type of treatment would you advise them of?
A) Reflexology
B) Magnetism
C) Acupuncture
D) Biofeedback
Ans: D
Feedback:
Biofeedback is a mind–body medical technique. Mind–body interventions, such as imagery, humor, and hypnosis, have few physical risks, are easy to teach, and have proved to be effective. Although reflexology, magnetism, and acupuncture have also found acceptance, they lack these attributes, and questions remain about their effectiveness.

5. Although 25% of prescription drugs are derived from plants, interest in self-treatment using herbs has been on the rise. Which of the following is the reason for this?
A) Prescribed drugs are subjected to federal regulations.
B) Herbs are easily available.
C) There are differences in molecular structure between the source plant and the synthesized drug.
D) Using only parts of a plant may not have the same effects as using the whole plant.
Ans: D
Feedback:
Herbalists argue that consuming the whole plant has different effects. Prescribed drugs contain only one or two extracts or synthetic substances that match the molecular structure of the source plant. Therefore, in many cases, the molecular structure may be the same. Regulations are relevant to producers of drugs or herbal products, not the users.

6. In which of the following therapies is it believed that the practitioner gathers knowledge about the disease and its cure from a higher power?
A) Herbal therapy
B) Ayurveda
C) Native American system
D) Chinese medicine
Ans: C
Feedback:
In the Native American system of medicine, the shaman or medicine man or woman goes into a trance and communicates with a higher power to gather knowledge about the disease and its remedy. Herbal therapy uses herbs with medicinal value, and Ayurveda and Chinese medicine do not involve shamans and such spiritual practices.

 

 

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