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Integrated Principles of Zoology 16th Edition Hickman-Keen-Larson-Roberts

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Integrated Principles of Zoology 16th Edition Hickman-Keen-Larson-Roberts

Chapter 09

Architectural Pattern of an Animal

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which statement most closely represents the diversity of animal patterns resulting from the Cambrian time period?
    A.The Cambrian saw the first animal ancestor; all animal architecture dates back to these fossils.
    B. About 34 phyla evolved by the end of the Cambrian and there are now perhaps 100 phyla that have radiated from them.
    C. About 100 phyla evolved by the end of the Cambrian and there are now about 34 surviving animal phyla.
    D. Through the Cambrian, only non-animal ancestors existed, but after that time nearly 100 phyla evolved.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic

  1. A blastula develops into which state as the gut cavity develops?
    A. It remains in the blastula stage.
    B. gastrula
    C. acoelomate
    D. pseudocoelomate

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. Which of these is an example of protoplasmic grade of organization?
    A. a hydra
    B. an amoeba
    C. an earthworm
    D. an insect

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Hierarchical Organization of Animal Complexity
Topic: Hierarchical Organization of Animal Complexity

  1. Which of the following is an example of tissue-organ grade of organization?
    A. a flatworm
    B. a jellyfish
    C. a colonial protozoan, such as Volvox
    D. a sponge

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Hierarchical Organization of Animal Complexity
Topic: Hierarchical Organization of Animal Complexity

  1. Which gives the correct sequence of increasing organizational complexity?
    A. Organ, tissue, cell, organ system, organism
    B. Cell, organ, organ system, tissue, organism
    C. Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
    D. Organism, tissue, cell, organ system, organ

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Hierarchical Organization of Animal Complexity
Topic: Hierarchical Organization of Animal Complexity

  1. As an animal increases in size
    A. body length increases in direct proportion to body volume.
    B. body length increases more rapidly than body volume.
    C. body length increases more slowly than body volume.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Complexity and Body Size
Topic: Complexity and Body Size

  1. Which of the following represent(s) a consequence of surface-area-to-volume ratio?
    A. When both a large and small bird of the same species hit a microwave tower while migrating at night, the small bird is more likely to die from loss of heat before it can recover from the mild trauma
    B. A cup of tea poured from a large teapot cools off faster than the larger amount of tea left in the teapot
    C. An amoeba needs no gills or lungs, an amphibian needs some small gills or lungs, but a horse needs substantial lung surface
    D. All of the choices represent factors directly related to the surface-area-to-volume ratio

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: Complexity and Body Size
Topic: Complexity and Body Size

  1. The two major fluid compartments of the metazoan body are
    A. the extracellular space and the interstitial space.
    B. the extracellular space and the intracellular space.
    C. the extracellular space and the intercellular space.
    D. None of the choices are correct.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which of the following is NOT a correct association of the supportive material of an organism and its function?
    A. The cuticle of an insect provides protection
    B. Cartilage of chordates provides stability and protection
    C. Loose connective tissue generally holds the body together
    D. Blood plasma is an important hydrostatic fluid in humans
    E. Bone provides stability and protection as well as a storage place for minerals

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. The study of tissue types and functions is
    A. physiology.
    B. histology.
    C. molecular biology.
    D. entomology.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Gradable: automatic
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which type of tissue lines body cavities and covers body surfaces?
    A.Muscle tissue
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Epithelial tissue
    D. Connective tissue

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Epithelial tissue is classified into
    A. muscle and nervous tissues.
    B. loose and tight connective tissues.
    C. simple and stratified epithelia.
    D. primary and secondary epithelia.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which tissue includes the epidermis?
    A.Muscle tissue
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Epithelial tissue
    D. Connective tissue

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Blood is an example of a tissue known as
    A. connective.
    B. circulatory.
    C. epithelial.
    D. muscular.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which tissue includes bone and cartilage?
    A.Muscle tissue
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Epithelial tissue
    D. Connective tissue

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which of the following is NOT a function of connective tissue?
    A.Line body surfaces and cavities
    B. Bind and support body parts
    C. Store energy (e.g., fat)
    D. Produce blood cells

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which of the following statements about connective tissue is NOT true?
    A.Connective tissues contain cells capable of differentiating into muscle and bone in animals that can regenerate these tissues
    B. Loose connective tissue contains fibroblasts, different kinds of fibers, and a nonliving matrix
    C. Blood is a connective tissue that contains a fluid matrix
    D. Collagen is a fat molecule with little tensile strength but great stretching ability

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which of the following statements is NOT true about cartilage?
    A.Collagen in cartilage is otherwise a relatively rare substance in animals
    B. Cartilage is a semi-rigid form of connective tissue with packed fibers embedded in a gel-like matrix
    C. The matrix of cartilage includes collagen and elastic fibers
    D. The skeleton of the human fetus is originally made up of cartilage

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which of the following types of tissue provides movement for and throughout the entire body?
    A.Muscle tissue
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Epithelial tissue
    D. Neuroglia tissue

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which of the following cells has multiple nuclei?
    A.Smooth muscle
    B. Adipose tissue
    C. Striated muscle
    D. Bone

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Nervous tissue is made of
    A. only neurons.
    B. only neuroglia.
    C. brain cells and neurons.
    D. neurons and neuroglia.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Which tissue receives, interprets, and produces a response to stimuli?
    A.Muscle tissue
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Epithelial tissue
    D. Connective tissue

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Components of Animal Bodies
Topic: Components of Animal Bodies

  1. Animals with bilateral symmetry
    A. can be divided into similar halves by any plane through the longitudinal axis.
    B. are usually very slow-moving organisms.
    C. are relatively simple in structure.
    D. are better adapted for directed forward movement than radially symmetrical organisms.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. Which of these is NOT one of the characteristics of a vertebrate?
    A.Radial symmetry
    B. Segmentation
    C. Extreme cephalization
    D. Coelom

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. Flatworms have
    A. radial symmetry.
    B. a tube-within-a-tube body plan.
    C. an eucoelomate body plan.
    D. None of the choices are correct.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Section: Complexity and Body Size
Topic: Complexity and Body Size

  1. Vertebrates have
    A. bilateral symmetry.
    B. eucoelomate body plan.
    C. tube-within-a-tube body plan.
    D. All of the choices are correct.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. A basketball would represent
    A. bilateral symmetry.
    B. radial symmetry.
    C. spherical symmetry.
    D. total lack of symmetry since it is not living.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. A view of an x-ray looking straight at a person’s lung and heart would represent a view of the
    A. sagittal plane.
    B. transverse plane.
    C. frontal plane.
    D. lateral plane.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. A slice through the head that shows a sideways view of the nasal and throat passages would be on a
    A. sagittal plane.
    B. transverse plane.
    C. pectoral plane.
    D. frontal plane.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

  1. Your nose would be considered
    A. medial, anterior, and dorsal.
    B. medial, anterior, and ventral.
    C. medial, posterior, and ventral.
    D. lateral, anterior, and ventral.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Gradable: automatic
Section: Animal Body Plans
Topic: Animal Body Plans

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