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Human Geography Landscapes of Human Activities 12th Edition By Bjelland Associate Professor – Test Bank

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Human Geography Landscapes of Human Activities 12th Edition By Bjelland Associate Professor – Test Bank

  1. When an immigrant group adopts cultural and social modifications that permit it to operate effectively within its new social surroundings, the process is known as
  2. affiliation.
  3. acculturation.
  4. assimilation.
  5. accommodation.
  1. Zelinsky’s “doctrine of first effective settlement” refers to the
  2. ethnic group native to a specific territory.
  3. first group able to earn a living within a specific territory.
  4. first group able to establish a viable, self-perpetuating society within an area.
  5. first group leaving archaeological traces within a specific territory.
  1. The index of residential dissimilarity is
  2. a measure of the varying quality of housing within an urban area.
  3. a statistic indicating the difference between housing demand and housing supply.
  4. the percentage deviation in the measured quality of housing between the immigrant homeland and the resettlement area.
  5. the percentage difference between the actual distribution of an ethnic group and a distribution uniform with respect to the total population.
  1. North American “charter groups” include
  2. English, French, Hispanics.
  3. English, German, Scotch-Irish.
  4. Hispanics, Africans, Native Americans.
  5. Central Europeans, East Europeans, Iberians.
  1. From the 1870s to 1921, most of the immigrants to the United States came from
  2. the British Isles.
  3. Germany and northern Europe.
  4. eastern and southern Europe.
  5. South and Central America.
  1. In many ethnically mixed societies, the assimilation of immigrants is being replaced by
  2. dual nationality.
  3. split personality.
  4. mixed affiliation.
  5. multiculturalism.
  1. Racial or cultural differences or national origins setting one group apart from a larger surrounding society are marks of
  2. duplicity.
  3. ethnicity.
  4. complicity.
  5. explicitly.
  1. The degree of segregation of minority groups is measured by their
  2. racial uniformalism.
  3. ethnic syncretism.
  4. economic acculturation.
  5. social distance.
  1. The classic southern ghetto housed newly freed black populations in
  2. specially built structures on undesirable sites isolated from white residential districts.
  3. small dwellings along alleys within or bordering wealthier white residential districts.
  4. isolated pockets of segregated housing within low-income white residential districts.
  5. older dilapidated dwellings near the city center from which low-income white occupants were evicted.
  1. Nearly 60% of the U.S. Hispanic-origin population is
  2. Cuban Americans, mostly Marielito “boat people” who fled their homeland as refugees.
  3. Puerto Ricans who, as U.S. citizens, have not had restrictions on mainland residence.
  4. Mexican Americans, who trace their history of North American settlement back to the 16th century.
  5. Central Americans, who collectively outnumber any single national group of Hispanic immigrants.
  1. Self-chosen segregation of ethnic groups can serve these four functions:
  2. defense, public welfare, concealment, preservation.
  3. defense, assertion, support, preservation.
  4. assertion, concealment, assimilation, support.
  5. isolation, nucleation, concentration, preservation.
  1. Foreign “guest workers” in West European cities
  2. created large, permanent ethnic ghettos.
  3. came with their families under labor contract as permanent residents and mixed freely with the host culture.
  4. tended to be transients, often breaking their labor contracts and returning home when their economic condition permitted.
  5. have tended to concentrate by national origin groups either in single apartment houses or portions of single streets or in assigned ethnic neighborhoods or suburbs.
  1. The proportion of foreign born in Canada’s population in 2001 was
  2. 1%.
  3. 18%.
  4. 50%.
  5. 63%.
  1. In African and Latin American cities, new arrivals at the bottom of the economic and social hierarchy are most apt to settle
  2. near the city center in slum districts of old housing stock, but near menial downtown jobs.
  3. in squatter or slum settlements at the outer margin of the city.
  4. in one or more defined corridors leading from the city center to the outskirts along rail lines or industrialized river valleys.
  5. in small pockets of slum housing close to – but distinct from – higher income residential areas promising employment as household servants, gardeners, and guards.
  1. When an ethnic residential cluster persists because its occupants choose to preserve it, it is called a colony or an enclave. When it endures because of external forces of discrimination it is called a
  2. ghetto.
  3. slum.
  4. conclave.
  5. gaol.
  1. The practice of European immigrants taking up large tracts of North American agricultural land as groups rather than as individuals is known as
  2. cascade migration.
  3. cluster migration.
  4. cultural confluence.
  5. collective transferal.
  1. The re-adoption of Old World customs or cultural traits by the descendants of immigrants is known as
  2. culture retrogression.
  3. culture retrieval.
  4. culture renewal.
  5. culture rebound.
  1. The level of minority penetration of a neighborhood that initiates rapid exodus of the earlier dominant resident group is known as the
  2. tipping point.
  3. panic point.
  4. exodus ratio.
  5. flight level.
  1. Asian and West Indian immigrants in British cities
  2. fill identical slots in the labor market but reside in different areas.
  3. reside together in mixed communities but find different labor niches.
  4. reside apart in separate communities spatially near their different employment locations.
  5. are fully integrated among themselves in housing and employment but segregated from the host society.
  1. The major source regions for immigrants into the United States today are
  2. northern Europe and the British Isles.
  3. southern Europe and North Africa.
  4. Asia and Latin America.
  5. Australasia and the Pacific Islands.


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