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Human Development And Performance Throughout the Lifespan 2nd Edition By Cronin – Test Bank

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Human Development And Performance Throughout the Lifespan 2nd Edition By Cronin – Test Bank

Chapter 6
Mental Functions and Learning across the Life Span
1. Global mental functions are those general mental functions that define an individual’s personality and learning style. Which of the following is true of global mental functions?
a. They include the process of consciously setting mental goals, planning their attainment, and monitoring action related to both the goals and the plans.
b. They are related to the awareness of one’s identity, one’s body, one’s position in the reality of one’s environment, and of time function.
c. They are largely below the level of conscious awareness.
d. They are functions of the brain and central nervous system that underlie physiological function and have no impact on learning.
2. The text offers this as an inclusive term for a group of distinct mental processes that includes a wide range of functions such as attention, memory, perception, understanding, and thought:
a. Attention
b. Memory
c. Perception
d. Cognition
3. Process skills, are defined as:
a. The control of thought in terms of pace, content, and form in learning situations
b. Skills used by an individual in managing and modifying actions as he or she completes daily tasks in response to novel or altered situations
c. The mental function of considering something as a general idea, quality, or characteristic
d. The ability to assimilate factual knowledge and store it effectively for easy retrieval
4. Interrupting, and returning to, ongoing activity is a subcomponent of executive functions categorized as a:
a. Process skill
b. Monitoring function
c. Self and time function
d. All of the above
5. Which of the following BEST describes metacognitive knowledge?
a. The identification, analysis, and understanding of language both receptively and expressively
b. Attention, orientation, perception, and consciousness functions
c. Monitoring, time management, organization and planning, and error detection
d. What individuals know about themselves and others in terms of self, task, and problem solving

6. Which of the following statements about perception is not true?
a. Perception is possible in the absence of sensation.
b. Perception involves memory.
c. Sensation is possible in the absence of perception.
d. Perception gives meaning to the sensory environment.
7. The ability to think about your cognitive processes during learning is defined as:
a. Cognition
b. Metacognition
c. Self-actualization
d. Information processing
8. Which of the following is an example of an executive function?
a. Repetition
b. Well-developed motor skills
c. Initiation and planning
d. Reflexive reactions
9. Jocelyn is working in a nursing home and has noticed that when engaged in therapy, Mr. Smith is disinterested and inconsistent in improving his walking while in the therapy gym. She has decided to walk with him to the dining room and the recreation room rather than in the gym. Since she started this, Mr. Smith seems more engaged and he initiates walking more on his own outside of the therapy session. This is an example of:
a. An open loop form of motor learning
b. Sensorimotor praxis
c. Metalinguistic reasoning
d. Situated learning
10. Which of the following presents the stages of learning in the correct sequence?
a. Autonomous, declarative, cognitive
b. Associative, cognitive, procedural
c. Procedural, autonomous, associative
d. Cognitive, associative, autonomous


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