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Human Communication 7th Edition by Judy Pearson -Test Bank

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Human Communication 7th Edition by Judy Pearson -Test Bank

Chapter 07
Test Bank

1. Why is intercultural communication increasingly important in our society today?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 2. What are the similarities and differences between dominant cultures and nondominant cultures?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 3. Explain how technology makes the study of intercultural communication important.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 4. Explain differences among assimilation, accommodation, and separation strategies in intercultural communication.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 5. Reveal how ethnocentrism causes potential problems in intercultural communication.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 6. Provide three examples of how stereotyping can cause problems in intercultural communication.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 7. Describe the relationship or connection between ethnocentrism, stereotyping, and prejudice.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 8. What is meant by cultural relativism? Give one example of how you might practice this in your life.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 9. What does “practice personal self-assessment” mean as a strategy for improving intercultural communication?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 10. Explain the notion of code sensitivity.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 11. Explain what reflexivity is and how it can help you improve your intercultural communication behaviors.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 12. Why should we strive to avoid ethnocentrism?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 13. Explain the difference between high-power distance and low-power distance cultures.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 14. Explain and give examples of high- versus low-uncertainty-avoiding cultures.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 15. Explain and give examples of individualistic cultures versus collectivist cultures.
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 16. Why do people stereotype?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 17. How do On-time and Sometime cultures differ? What problems could arise when people of these different cultures interact?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 18. Explain some cultural differences in nonverbal communication. What problems could arise due to these differences?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 19. Explain your personal orientation toward uncertainty avoiding. How is your personal orientation similar to or distinct from the larger culture in which you live?
Answers will vary.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 20. Intercultural communication means any communication between persons of different cultures.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 21. Nondominant cultures includes women, the unemployed, and the elderly, among other groups of people.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 22. A member of a marginalized group who refuses to interact with members of the dominant culture is engaging in an accommodation strategy.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 23. The separation strategy of a marginalized group is where the marginalized group member tries to “fit into” the dominant group.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 24. A person who believes that his or her culture is superior to all other groups or cultures is engaging in ethnocentrism.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 25. Prejudice is likely to lead to ethnocentrism.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 26. If you judge another culture by the belief systems of your own culture, you are engaging in cultural relativism.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 27. The Korean man who says of his own culture, “Koreans will never be great at basketball,” is demonstrating ethnocentrism.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 28. “So what if Native Americans don’t believe in looking an authority figure in the eye; they should if they want to be Americans.” This sentiment is an example of ethnocentric perspective.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 29. Intellectual autonomy is the process of valuing the collective pursuit of creative ideas and new ways of thinking.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 30. Women now represent 26% of small-business owners in the United States.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 31. One reason for the importance of studying intercultural communication is our increasing exposure to people of other cultures.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 32. An individual can belong to only one nondominant culture.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 33. Individualistic cultures place the “I” before the “we.”
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 34. Harmony occurs when you appreciate and understand the natural and social world as it is experienced, rather than trying to create change.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 35. The United States is an example of a collectivist culture.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 36. Individualistic cultures are societies that value individual freedom, choice, uniqueness, and independence.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 37. In low uncertainty-avoidance cultures, people are threatened by ideas from outside and embrace written rules.
FALSE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 38. If someone likes to have lots of rules for behavior and doesn’t like outsiders, he or she is most likely from a high uncertainty-avoidance culture.
TRUE
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 39. What type of culture is most likely to tolerate ambiguity, uncertainty, and diversity?
A. low uncertainty-avoidance B. individualistic C. feminine D. masculine Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 40. Which of the following is the best example of a high uncertainty-avoidance culture?
A. Sweden B. Egypt C. Denmark D. the United States Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 41. Valuing individual pursuit of happiness, pleasure, and other positive emotions represents which of Schwartz’s value orientations?
A. intellectual autonomy B. affective autonomy C. embeddedness D. harmony Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 42. Which statement below is NOT an example of ethnocentrism?
A. If the Japanese would just shake hands like we do—instead of bowing—we would get along better. B. Don’t you wish everyone in the world would use deodorant and perfume as Americans do? C. American workers get higher pay for less work than most people in the world. D. Americans have developed the best civilized society in history. Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 43. Kevin and Paul are having a conversation in which Kevin says, “All gay men are very effeminate.” What type of intercultural communication problem might Kevin be engaging in?
A. ethnocentrism B. stereotyping C. cultural relativism D. assimilation Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 44. ________ occurs when you assume that all members of a group are alike.
A. Prejudice B. Ethnocentrism C. Stereotyping D. Profiling Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 45. ________ occurs when you have a negative attitude toward a group of people just because of who they are.
A. Prejudice B. Ethnocentrism C. Stereotyping D. Profiling Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 46. The preferred way to avoid an ethnocentric perspective is to
A. be cautious about assuming similarity and recognize differences among people. B. deny differences, because stating that you recognize them can only get you into trouble. C. assume that other individuals would prefer to think and act as you do. D. discover what you have in common, but assume that others are fundamentally different. Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 47. Which of the following is NOT a strategy for improving intercultural communication?
A. Practice supportive communication and avoid defensive communication. B. Avoid stereotyping and hasty generalizations. C. Adopt an ethnocentric perspective. D. Practice personal self-assessment. Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 48. What is code sensitivity?
A. a cognitive style that emphasizes open-mindedness about differences B. the frustration and early termination of communication in intercultural communication C. using words and nonverbal communication that are easy for the interpreter to understand D. assuming that others think and act as we do Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 49. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a collectivist culture?
A. high value placed on commitment to family B. tendency of individuals to be loyal to their community C. higher value placed on cooperation D. high levels of divorce Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 50. In which type of culture would it be more likely for extended family members to live with nuclear family members?
A. individualistic B. collectivistic C. feminine D. masculine Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Understand 51. All of the following are examples of individualistic cultures EXCEPT
A. the United States. B. Australia. C. Canada. D. China. Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 52. Unique combinations of rituals, religion, thought patterns, and behaviors are known as
A. collectivism. B. strategies. C. cultures. D. uncertainty. Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 53. Which culture fears silence rather than embracing it?
A. Japanese B. European American C. Amish D. Native American Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 54. If someone in a marginalized group tries to fit in with the dominant group, he or she is striving for what goal of intercultural communication?
A. accommodation B. separation C. reflexivity D. assimilation Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember 55. Which type of culture tolerates ambiguity and uncertainty?
A. collectivistic B. low uncertainty-avoiding C. high uncertainty-avoiding D. short-term Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Bloom’s level: Remember
Category # of Questions
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 55
Bloom’s level: Remember 32
Bloom’s level: Understand 23

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