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Hole’s Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 12th Edition By david Sheir – Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0073403725
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0073403724

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Hole’s Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 12th Edition By david Sheir – Test Bank

Chapter 07
Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following increase the risk of developing osteoporosis?
A. Low intake of dietary calcium
B. Lack of physical exercise
C. Smoking
D. Low intake of vitamin D
E. All of these

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

2. An osteocyte is a _______
A. bone forming cell.
B. cell that breaks down bone.
C. bone cell surrounded by matrix.
D. bone marrow cell.
E. nerve cell in the bone.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

3. The microscopic bony chambers that house mature bone cells are called _______
A. lacunae.
B. central canals.
C. osteons.
D. perforating canals.
E. canaliculi.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.02
Topic: Skeletal System

4. The salts that are abundant in the extracellular matrix of bone tissue consist largely of _______
A. calcium phosphate.
B. sodium chloride.
C. calcium carbonate.
D. calcium sulfate.
E. sodium bicarbonate.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.04
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

5. Osteoclasts are large cells that cause the breakdown of osseous tissue.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

Fill in the Blank Questions

6. ________ are the cells that form bone tissue by depositing bony matrix around themselves.
Osteoblasts

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

7. The ___________ is the thin layer of cells that lines the medullary cavity within a long bone.
endosteum

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.02
Topic: Skeletal System

8. A long bone grows in thickness as bone tissue is deposited beneath its ___________.
periosteum

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

9. Which of the following is NOT a step in the formation of endochondral bone?
A. Hyaline cartilage develops into the shape of the future bone.
B. Periosteum forms from connective tissue on the outside of the developing bone.
C. Hyaline cartilage changes to adipose tissue.
D. Osteoblasts deposit osseous tissue in place of disintegrating cartilage.
E. Osteoblasts deposit compact bone beneath the periosteum.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

10. Bone that develops within sheetlike layers of connective tissue is called _______
A. endochondral bone.
B. intramembranous bone.
C. cartilaginous bone.
D. osteoclastic bone.
E. appendicular bone.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

11. Red bone marrow functions in the formation of _______
A. osteocytes.
B. red blood cells only.
C. white blood cells only.
D. red and white blood cells only.
E. red and white blood cells and platelets.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.04
Topic: Skeletal System

12. The cells responsible for removing excess bone tissue after the fracture repair process are _______
A. fibroblasts.
B. chondrocytes.
C. osteoblasts.
D. osteoclasts.
E. osteocytes.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

13. Vitamin D is needed for the proper absorption of calcium in the small intestine.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

Fill in the Blank Questions

14. The basic parts of a(an) __________ include a rod, fulcrum, weight, and force.
lever

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.04
Topic: Skeletal System

15. __________ is the process of blood cell formation.
Hematopoiesis

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.04
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

16. Which of the following bones is NOT included within the lower limb?
A. Ulna
B. Femur
C. Tibia
D. Fibula
E. Patella

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.05
Topic: Skeletal System

17. Which of the following is NOT included in the appendicular skeleton?
A. Pectoral girdle
B. Vertebral column
C. Upper limbs
D. Pelvic girdle
E. Lower limbs

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.05
Topic: Skeletal System

18. Which of the following is included in the pectoral girdle?
A. Hip bone
B. Sternum
C. Sacrum
D. Scapula
E. Coccyx

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.05
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

19. The appendicular skeleton consists of the parts that support and protect the head, neck, and trunk.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.05
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

20. The zygomatic arch is composed of processes of the _______
A. zygomatic and temporal bones.
B. zygomatic and maxilla bones.
C. maxilla and temporal bones.
D. temporal and parietal bones.
E. zygomatic and sphenoid bones.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.06
Topic: Skeletal System

21. Which of the following is part of the facial skeleton?
A. Parietal bone
B. Maxillary bone
C. Sphenoid bone
D. Temporal bone
E. Ethmoid bone

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.06
Topic: Skeletal System

22. A cleft palate results from incomplete development of the _______
A. palatine bones.
B. maxillae.
C. mandible.
D. vomer bone.
E. frontal bone.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.06
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

23. The parietal bones meet the frontal bone along the sagittal suture.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.06
Topic: Skeletal System

24. The importance of fontanels in the infant’s skull is to permit some movement of bones, thereby enabling the infant to pass more easily though the birth canal.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.06
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

25. Cervical vertebrae can be distinguished from other types by the presence of
A. transverse foramina.
B. transverse processes.
C. articulating processes.
D. vertebral foramina.
E. intervertebral discs.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.07
Topic: Skeletal System

Fill in the Blank Questions

26. The cartilaginous parts that separate the vertebrae are called __________.
intervertebral discs

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.07
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

27. Which of the following bones has an acromion process?
A. Sternum
B. Scapula
C. Clavicle
D. Humerus
E. Vertebra

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.09
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

28. The humerus has an olecranon fossa.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.10
Topic: Skeletal System

Fill in the Blank Questions

29. The bones of the wrist together form the __________.
carpus

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.10
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

30. A hip bone includes a (an) _______
A. ilium.
B. ischium.
C. pubis.
D. acetabulum.
E. all of these.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.11
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

31. The tarsal bones form the wrist.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.12
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

32. The joints between the vertebrae of the backbone are best described as _______
A. immovable.
B. slightly movable.
C. freely movable.
D. synovial.
E. fibrous.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

33. The degenerative joint disease osteoarthritis may develop as a result of damage to the _______
A. articular cartilage.
B. diaphysis.
C. epiphyseal plate.
D. periosteum.
E. medullary cavity.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

34. A meniscus functions to cushion articulating surfaces of bones.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

35. Synovial fluid moistens and lubricates the cartilaginous surfaces within a joint.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

36. The hip joint is a pivot joint.
FALSE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

Fill in the Blank Questions

37. The movement of a limb away from the midline is ______.
abduction

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

38. The joint created by the two pubic bones is the __________.
pubic symphysis

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

39. A bone includes _______
A. bone tissue.
B. blood.
C. dense connective tissue.
D. cartilage.
E. all of these.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.01
Topic: Skeletal System

40. Which of the following is not a function of bone?
A. To protect soft tissues
B. To house blood-producing cells
C. To provide nervous communication from bone to muscle
D. To store inorganic salts
E. To provide points of attachment for muscles

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.01
Topic: Skeletal System

41. The zygomatic bone is an example of a (an) _______
A. long bone.
B. short bone.
C. flat bone.
D. irregular bone.
E. sesamoid bone.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.02
Topic: Skeletal System

42. Articular cartilage is _______
A. hyaline cartilage.
B. fibrocartilage.
C. elastic cartilage.
D. found only in the knees and elbows.
E. located on the diaphysis of long bones.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.02
Topic: Skeletal System

43. The presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates that _______
A. the bone is broken.
B. the bone is dead.
C. the bone is increasing in diameter.
D. the bone is lengthening.
E. the bone is no longer lengthening.

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03
Topic: Skeletal System

44. Sinuses are found within all of the following bones except the _______
A. frontal bone.
B. maxillae.
C. zygomatic bones.
D. ethmoid bones.
E. sphenoid bones.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.06
Topic: Skeletal System

True / False Questions

45. Most people have 24 ribs.
TRUE

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.08
Topic: Skeletal System

Fill in the Blank Questions

46. The xiphoid process is part of the _________________.
sternum

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.08
Topic: Skeletal System

Multiple Choice Questions

47. Which of the following describes the female pelvis compared to that of the male?
A. The distance between the female ischial tuberosities is less.
B. The distance between the female ischial spines is greater.
C. The female iliac bones are less flared.
D. The female pelvic cavity is narrower.
E. The female coccyx is less movable.

Bloom’s Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.11
Topic: Skeletal System

48. The femur _______
A. is the longest bone in the body.
B. extends from the hip to the knee.
C. has a large rounded head.
D. articulates with the patella.
E. is all of these.

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.12
Topic: Skeletal System

49. Which of the following terms and descriptions is correctly paired?
A. Extension-bending the leg at the knee or decreasing the angle between the femur and tibia
B. Adduction-lifting the upper limb horizontally to form a right angle with the side of the body or moving a part away from the midline
C. Pronation-turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly (in anatomical position)
D. Retraction-moving a part forward or thrusting the head forward
E. Elevation-lowering a part or drooping the shoulders

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.13
Topic: Skeletal System

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