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Essentials of Understanding Psychology 11th Edition by Feldman Test Bank

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  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0077861884
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0077861889

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SKU:tb1002168

Essentials of Understanding Psychology 11th Edition by Feldman Test Bank

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Multiple Choice Questions – (193) Learning Outcome: 21-4 – (26)
Essay Questions – (18) Learning Outcome: 22-1 – (8)
Worksheet Questions – (44) Learning Outcome: 22-2 – (27)
Odd Numbered – (128) Learning Outcome: 23-1 – (53)
Even Numbered – (127) Learning Outcome: 23-2 – (33)
APA LO: 1.1 – (44) Learning Outcome: 23-3 – (23)
APA LO: 1.2 – (199) Learning Outcome: 23-4 – (10)
APA LO: 1.3 – (53) Learning Outcome: 27-2 – (1)
APA LO: 2.2 – (29) Learning Outcome: 28-2 – (1)
APA LO: 2.3 – (9) Topic: Adaptive Testing – (2)
APA LO: 2.4 – (15) Topic: Algorithms – (7)
APA LO: 3.1 – (7) Topic: Artificial Intelligence – (2)
APA LO: 4.1 – (11) Topic: Bilingualism – (4)
APA LO: 4.3 – (1) Topic: Binet – (8)
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation – (193) Topic: Cognition – (2)
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply – (65) Topic: Concepts – (7)
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember – (108) Topic: Confirmation Bias – (6)
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand – (82) Topic: Creativity – (13)
Difficulty: Difficult – (1) Topic: Cultural Biases in IQ
Tests – (8)
Difficulty: Easy – (124) Topic: Fluid and Crystallized
Intelligence – (12)
Difficulty: Medium – (130) Topic: Functional Fixedness – (5)
Learning Objective: Define and describe intellectual giftedness. – (8) Topic: Gardner’s Multiple
Intelligences – (19)
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and explain the processes involved in thinking. – (14) Topic: Giftedness – (8)
Learning Objective: Define intellectual disabilities and describe its various classifications. – (11) Topic: Grammar – (8)
Learning Objective: Define intelligence. – (10) Topic: Heuristics – (22)
Learning Objective: Describe the alternative views of intelligence, including Sternberg’s triarchic
theory and Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. – (33) Topic: IQ Tests – (10)
Learning Objective: Describe the concepts of practical intelligence and emotional
intelligence. – (11) Topic: IQ and Heritability – (2)
Learning Objective: Describe the developmental processes of language and the theories of
language acquisition. – (20) Topic: Insight – (6)
Learning Objective: Describe the factors that contribute to creativity, and the role of creativity in
problem solving and critical thinking. – (13) Topic: Intellectual Disability – (17)
Learning Objective: Describe the heuristics used for generating possible solutions to problems, and
explain how solutions should be evaluated. – (15) Topic: Intelligence – (12)
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions. – (29) Topic: Judgements – (1)
Learning Objective: Distinguish between reliability and validity with regard to psychological and
intelligence testing. – (11)
Topic: Language
Development – (12)
Learning Objective: Explain how intelligence is measured. – (21) Topic: Linguistic Relativity
Hypothesis – (3)
Learning Objective: Explain the importance of understanding and diagnosing problems as the first
step in effective problem solving. – (14) Topic: Mental Images – (7)
Page 1 of 102
Learning Objective: Explain whether performance on achievement tests can be improved with
training. – (1)
Topic: Mental Set – (3)
Learning Objective: Identify the causes of intellectual disabilities and the care and treatment of
individuals. – (7)
Topic: Practical and Emotional
Intelligence – (11)
Learning Objective: Identify the issues related to the heredity versus environment debate in the
study of intelligence. – (2) Topic: Preparation – (12)
Learning Objective: Identify the issues that arise with the linguistic relativity hypothesis, animal
language, and bilingual education. – (7) Topic: Problem Solving – (1)
Learning Objective: Identify the problem of cultural bias in intelligence tests. – (8) Topic: Production – (7)
Learning Objective: List the basic components of language and grammar. – (8) Topic: Reasoning – (1)
Learning Objective: Recognize general problem-solving strategies and common obstacles to
effective problem solving. – (13)
Topic: Reliability and
Validity – (13)
Learning Outcome: 21-1 – (14) Topic: Subgoals – (2)
Learning Outcome: 21-2 – (30) Topic: Theories of Language
Development – (8)
Learning Outcome: 21-3 – (28)
1. _____ psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the study of higher
mental processes, including thinking, language, memory, problem solving, knowing,
reasoning, and judging.
Clinical
Developmental
→ Cognitive
Evolutionary
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ psychology is the branch of
psychology…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and
explain the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Cognition
2. Which of the following is true about mental images?
They refer only to visual representations.
They have only a few of the properties of the actual stimuli they
represent.
→ They are representations in the mind of an object or event.
They cannot be rotated.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is true
about mental…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and explain
the processes involved in thinking.
Page 2 of 102
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Mental Images
3. Which of the following statements best expresses the nature of mental images?
They are binary in format.
They are always auditory in format.
→ They may be produced by any sensory modality.
They are linguistic.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following statements
best expre…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and
explain the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Mental Images
4. Dr. Randazza shows participants a stylized map of a fictitious city. The map includes
landmarks, such as a post office, a library, a shopping mall, a bus depot, and an
airport. Some of the landmarks are close together, such as the library and the post
office. Others are far apart, such as the airport and the shopping mall. Dr. Randazza
removes the map. Participants are asked to imagine walking from one landmark to
another, either a nearby one or a more distant one. Participants press a key when they
have reached the destination in their minds. Based on mental imagery, what do you
think Dr. Randazza should find? What would such a result say about mental
imagery?
Participants should take the same amount of time to travel mentally
between distant as between close landmarks. This result would suggest
that mental imagery reflects the actual actions the participants perform
with respect to real objects.
Participants should take the same amount of time to travel mentally
between distant as between close landmarks. This result would suggest
that mental imagery does not reflect the actual actions the participants
perform with respect to real objects.

Participants should take longer to travel mentally between distant than
between close landmarks. This result would suggest that mental imagery
reflects the actual actions the participants perform with respect to real
objects.
Participants should take longer to travel mentally between distant than
between close landmarks. This result would suggest that mental imagery
does not reflect the actual actions the participants perform with respect to
real objects.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Dr. Randazza shows participants a
stylized m…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Page 3 of 102
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and
explain the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Mental Images
5. Clint is mentally rehearsing his golf swing in his mind’s eye. Based on mental
imagery, which of the following statements is most accurate?

Clint’s mental rehearsal should improve his golf swing. Performing the
task involves the same network of brain cells as the network used in
mentally rehearsing it.
Clint’s mental rehearsal should do little to improve his golf swing. The
brain areas active during Clint’s mental rehearsal should be the same as
those active when Clint actually swings the golf club.
Clint’s mental rehearsal should improve his golf swing. The brain areas
active during Clint’s mental rehearsal should be different than those
active when Clint actually swings the golf club.
Clint’s mental rehearsal should do little to improve his golf swing. The
brain areas active during Clint’s mental rehearsal should be different than
those active when Clint actually swings the golf club.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Clint is mentally rehearsing his
golf swing…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and explain
the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Mental Images
6. Mental representations of objects are called _____; mental grouping of similar
objects, events, or people are called _____.
→ images; concepts
images; images as well
concepts; concepts as well
concepts; images
Multiple Choice Question
MC Mental representations of objects
are called…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and explain
the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Page 4 of 102
Topic: Concepts
Topic: Mental Images
7. Which of the following is most nearly synonymous with the term concept, as it is
used by cognitive psychologists?
Idea
Relationship
→ Category
Image
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is most
nearly synony…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and
explain the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Concepts
8. Mental groupings of objects, events, or people that share common features are called:
→ concepts.
ideas.
heuristics.
algorithms.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Mental groupings of objects,
events, or peop…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and explain
the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Concepts
9. A prototype is:
→ the most typical or highly representative example of a concept.
the first example of a concept that one encounters.
the least frequent example of a concept.
the most unusual or distinctive example of a concept.
Multiple Choice Question
MC A prototype is:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and explain the
processes involved in thinking.
Page 5 of 102
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Concepts
10. Which of the following is most likely the prototype of the concept “fruit”?
Carrot
→ Apple
Tomato
Blueberry
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is MOST
likely the pr…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define cognition, and
explain the processes involved in thinking.
Learning Outcome: 21-1
Topic: Concepts
11. _____ is the process by which information is used to draw conclusions and make
decisions.
→ Reasoning
Negotiating
Predicting
Conceptualizing
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ is the process by which
information is…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Reasoning
12. doesn’t understand why it works.
heuristic.
→ algorithm.
premise.
syllogism.
Multiple Choice Question
MC doesn’t understand why it
works.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved in
Page 6 of 102
reasoning, forming judgments, and making decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Algorithms
13. A rule that guarantees the solution to a problem when it is correctly applied is termed
as a(n):
heuristic.
→ algorithm.
premise.
syllogism.
Multiple Choice Question
MC A rule that guarantees the
solution to a pro…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Algorithms
14. Which of the following is TRUE of algorithms?
In cases where heuristics are not available, we may use algorithms.
Even if it is applied appropriately, an algorithm cannot guarantee a
solution to a problem.
Algorithms may sometimes lead to errors.
→ We can use an algorithm even if we cannot understand why it works.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is
TRUE of algorithms?
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes
involved in reasoning, forming judgments, and
making decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Algorithms
15. Which of the following is TRUE of heuristics?
→ In cases where algorithms are not available, we may use heuristics.
If applied appropriately, a heuristic guarantees a solution to a problem.
Heuristics never lead to errors.
Heuristics decrease the likelihood of success in finding a solution.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Page 7 of 102
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is
TRUE of heuristics?
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
16. Which of the following terms best captures the meaning of the term heuristic, as
cognitive psychologists use it?
Principle
Formula
→ Strategy
Program
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following terms
best captures t…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
17. When you play tic-tac-toe using certain mental shortcuts, you are using cognitive
strategies psychologists called:
algorithms.
mental sets.
→ heuristics.
syllogistic reasoning.
Multiple Choice Question
MC When you play tic-tac-toe
using certain ment…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
18. Matt picks up a pamphlet at a counseling center titled How to Succeed at College
Course Work. Which type of problem-solving strategies is most likely offered in this
pamphlet?
Algorithms
Page 8 of 102
Insights
→ Heuristics
Syllogisms
Multiple Choice Question
MC Matt picks up a pamphlet at a
counseling cen…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
19. Which of the following most likely makes use of heuristics?
A chemical equation for the synthesis of sulfuric acid
A recipe for making cookies on the back of a box of cornflakes
→ An article by a Nobel Prize winner titled “How to Succeed in Science”
A computer program for keeping track of inventory at a department store
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following most
likely makes use…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes
involved in reasoning, forming judgments, and
making decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
20. Which of the following is an advantage of the use of heuristics?
A heuristic will present a clearly defined solution to a problem.
→ A heuristic is often efficient.
A heuristic is guaranteed to result in a correct response.
A heuristic results in only one possible solution to a problem.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is an
advantage of th…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
Page 9 of 102
21. Which of the following is TRUE of heuristics?
Heuristics always lead to correct solutions of a problem.
Heuristics are a slower way to solve problems than are other strategies.
→ Heuristics represent commonly used approaches to the solution of a
problem.
Heuristics are used by computers but not by humans as problem-solving
tools.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is
TRUE of heuristics?
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Heuristics
22. Lori and Monica are looking at the cans of coffee on display at a local supermarket.
They are trying to decide which of two different-sized cans will be the better buy.
Lori attempts to divide the price of each can by the number of ounces of coffee each
can contains. Monica suggests that “the larger size is usually a better buy.” Lori is
using a(n) ____, whereas Monica is using a(n) _____.
heuristic; algorithm
→ algorithm; heuristic
prototype; algorithm
heuristic; prototype
Multiple Choice Question
MC Lori and Monica are looking at
the cans of c…
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe the processes involved
in reasoning, forming judgments, and making
decisions.
Learning Outcome: 21-2
Topic: Algorithms
Topic: Heuristics
23. _____ may sometimes lead to errors.
Theorems
→ Heuristics
Algorithms
Statement

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